30-06 vs. 30-30, 2 tried-and-true rifle cartridges are commonly found in the field. Let"s examine these 2 calibers and see the pros and cons the each and also why you could opt for one in her arsenal end the other.

You are watching: Why is it called 30 ought 6


If you are looking for a hunting or target-shooting cartridge, there space plenty of new options to pick from. The 6.5 Creedmoor (2007), the .307 Winchester (1982), and also the 7mm-08 Remington (1980) space all relatively new additions to the deer-hunter’s arsenal. But sometimes, the standards reign. 2 of those standards include the 30-30 Winchester and also 30-06 Springfield calibers.

*

The .30-30 Winchester and the .30-06 Springfield room two cartridges that have actually remained relatively unchanged for over a century. Since of their great design and rugged versatility, both cartridges have uncovered a huge calling in miscellaneous circles, especially deer hunting. Indigenous generation to generation, these have been a go-to ring for plenty of gun owners.

But i m sorry one is best for you?

Let’s compare the 30-30 vs. 30-06 and also see if one of two people is best for her needs. Come start, let’s get a sense of every cartridge’s history.

Getting to recognize the .30-30 Winchester

The .30-30 Winchester is just one of the an excellent success stories in American firearms. Despite its release prior to the begin of the 20th century, this hard-hitting however smooth-shooting cartridge has maintained a faithful following, especially amongst deer and also medium-game hunters.

*

The well known “Thirty Thirty” was an initial created because that use with the Winchester model 1894 rifle. The design 1894 is a lever-action gun the is useful for hunting and also target shooting. Winchester designed and marketed it as a sporting cartridge. It was much more powerful than lot of the competition, however it to be lightweight, easy to handle, and also remarkably reliable. The caliber had nearly no military or police-force use. It likewise came v a reasonable price, which definitely propelled its success among American total owners.

The first versions the the .30-30 Winchester invited 160-grain bullets. Today, the most famous are one of two people 150-grain or the more heavier 170-grain projectiles. However, you can uncover .30-30 cartridges in a wide selection of sizes, ranging from 110 seed to virtually 200 grains.

*

Because the cartridges are usually loaded right into lever-action rifles through a tube magazine, the bullets execute not have actually pointed tips. In pipe magazines, cartridges are loaded front-to-back, therefore a sharp tip might accidentally ignite a cartridge in the magazine. For this reason, you will usually see .30-30 cartridges with level noses.

• Released: 1895• cartridge Diameter: .308 inches• general Bullet Size: 110 come 180 grains• instance Length: 2 inches• Called: “Thirty-Thirty”• generally used in lever-action rifles

Getting to recognize the .30-06 Springfield

Unlike .30-30 Winchester, which to be designed particularly for sporting, the .30-06 Springfield has a solid military heritage. The U.S. Military and also Springfield Armory an initial released and adopted the cartridge in 1906, thus the “06” in the name.

*

While the cartridge is larger and more powerful than countless other options, it to be actually developed as a lighter, much faster combat round, which to be the tendency at the time. The idea was to produce a fast, specific cartridge that can reach greater distances while carrying penetration right into the enemy. The 30-06 was modified from the .30-03, with a slightly much shorter neck and a 150-grain bullet.

Eventually, the armed forces modified rifles come accommodate the new round. Every one of a sudden, .30-06 Springfield ammo came to be one the the most essential cartridges in American history. GI’s provided the cartridge in WWI, WWII, Korea, and also Vietnam, among other conflicts.

The cartridge, while certainly not perfect, had actually exceptional capability for effective distance and reliability. It came to be a advantageous combat cartridge, serving together the primary U.S. Military cartridge for virtually five decades.

*

The very same power, speed, and distance that made it a useful combat tool also made that a well-known hunting round. Deer hunters love it. 30-06 package a wide variety of cartridge sizes, consisting of rounds varying from 110 to together high as 220 grains, although most are in the variety of 150 to 180.

• Released: 1906• bullet Diameter: .308 inches• basic Bullet Size: 110 – 220 grains• case Length: 2.5 inches• Nickname: “Thirty Aught Six” or “Aught-six”• commonly used in bolt-action rifles

.30-30 Winchester vs. .30-06 Springfield

Price Comparison

*
Price is constantly a tricky topic in ammunition. Some civilization are merely not came to while others make it a optimal priority. For this debate, however, it seems to be much more or much less a draw, through a slight savings because that 30-06 shooters.

In our choice of ammo, the shortest per-round price because that a .30-30 to be $.65, if the .30-06 to be $.56.

The highest-price round, however, goes to the .30-06, in ~ $2.00 per cartridge, $.25 an ext expensive 보다 the highest-priced .30-30 ammo.

For comparison, a 150-grain .30-30 Winchester Super-X Power-Point is $.90 every round, if a 150-grain .30-06 Springfield Super-X Power-Point is $.85.

These are not considered high-volume cartridges, so most us wouldn’t think about a nickel every shot a vast deal.

Winner: .30-06 Springfield (minimal advantage)

Velocity – Is 30-30 or 30-06 Faster?

Speed is crucial component for trajectory, wind resistance, and also terminal ballistics. The quicker the bullet, in general, the much better it will certainly perform. Once it concerns velocity, the .30-06 Springfield is considered the much faster round. There is part overlap in speeds, however. The .30-30 Winchester usually has actually a rate of approximately 2,200 to 2,700 feet every second, when the .30-06 Springfield logs speed from about 2,500 to as practically 3,000 feet per second.

Looking at the exact same Super-X products we mentioned above (150-grain in every cartridge) we check out that the .30-30 has actually a muzzle velocity of 2,390 fps if the .30-06 Springfield has an fps end 2,900. At 200 yards, the .30-30 drops come 1,685 fps when the Springfield is cruising in ~ 2,397 fps.

Winner: .30-06 Springfield

Energy Comparison

As you can have guessed, v the very same bullet size, the .30-06 has a more powerful stat line for as whole energy.

The .30-06 Springfield product us mentioned before has a muzzle energy of 2,839 foot-pounds, matches the .30-30’s energy is just 1,902.

At 200 yards, the .30-06 maintains an power of 1,914 foot pounds, while the .30-30 drops listed below 1,000 foot-pounds.

Winner: .30-06 Springfield

*
Trajectory

The .30-06 Springfield, largely due to the fact that of the greater velocity, maintains a right trajectory downrange. As soon as zeroed come 100 yards, the 150-grain .30-06 Super-X just drops 3.5 inches in ~ 200 yards.

Under the very same conditions, the .30-30 fall 7.7 inches.

At 300, the Springfield drops 13 inches, when the Winchester drops practically 28.

Winner: .30-06 Springfield

Recoil

The .30-30 Winchester has to win somewhere, and also it does with recoil. This cartridge was designed particularly for irradiate recoil. Due to the fact that of that, it’s among the favorite cartridges for deer hunters, especially in densely-forested locations such together the wooded areas of the northern midwest. This lighter recoil likewise makes that a an excellent beginner cartridge.

See more: How Much Was 100 Dollars Worth In 1940 S? How Much Is $100 In 1940 Worth Today

Winner: .30-30 Win

So, What Caliber Wins: 30-30 vs. 30-06 Springfield?

If you require a significant cartridge through as lot power, speed, and accuracy together possible, the .30-06 Springfield is usually your finest option. This cartridge has actually a well-earned reputation as among the top hunting rounds in the country. So, just about any shooter will definitely be happy v it.

However, if girlfriend are new to hunting or target shooting, yet want something through far an ext potential than a rimfire round, the classic .30-30 Winchester is a great option. And also as an added bonus, you acquire to shoot a lever-action rifle. Bar actions can be among the many fun types of rifles come shoot!