Summary

As they walk in the street under the boiling sun, Benvolio suggests to Mercutio the they walk indoors, fearing that a brawl will be inescapable should they conference Capulet men. Mercutio replies that Benvolio has actually as rapid a temper as any man in Italy, and also should not criticize others because that their brief fuses.

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Tybalt enters with a team of cronies. He philosophies Benvolio and also Mercutio and asks come speak with among them. Annoyed, Mercutio starts to taunt and provoke him.

Romeo enters. Tybalt transforms his fist from Mercutio come Romeo, and calls Romeo a villain. Romeo, currently secretly married to Juliet and thus Tybalt’s kinsman, refuses to it is in angered by Tybalt’s linguistic attack. Tybalt commands Romeo to attract his sword. Romeo protests that he has good reason to love Tybalt, and does not wish to fight him. That asks that until Tybalt knows the reason for this love, he placed aside his sword. Mercutio angrily draws his sword and also declares with biting wit that if Romeo will certainly not struggle Tybalt, that will.

Mercutio and also Tybalt start to fight. Romeo, attempting to reclaim peace, litter himself between the combatants. Tybalt stabs Mercutio under Romeo’s arm, and also as Mercutio falls, Tybalt and his males hurry away. Mercutio dies, cursing both the Montagues and also the Capulets: “A torment o’ both her houses” (3.1.87), and still putting forth his wild witticisms: “Ask because that me tomorrow, and / girlfriend shall discover me a dig man” (3.1.93–94). Enraged, Romeo declares the his love for Juliet has made the effeminate, and that he should have dealt with Tybalt in Mercutio’s place.

When Tybalt, tho angry, storms back onto the scene, Romeo paint, etc his sword. They fight, and Romeo kills Tybalt. Benvolio urges Romeo come run; a group of citizens outraged at the recurring street fights is approaching. Romeo, shocked at what has happened, cries “O, ns am fortune’s fool!” and flees (3.1.131).

The Prince enters, attach by numerous citizens, and also the Montagues and also Capulets. Benvolio speak the Prince the story the the brawl, emphasizing Romeo’s effort to save the peace, yet Lady Capulet, Tybalt’s aunt, cries the Benvolio is lie to protect the Montagues. She demands Romeo’s life. Prince Escalus chooses instead to exile Romeo indigenous Verona. He declares that if Romeo is found within the city, he will be killed.

Analysis

The sudden, fatal violence in the very first scene of act 3, and also the buildup come the fighting, serves together a reminder that, for every its focus on love, beauty, and also romance, Romeo and also Juliet quiet takes ar in a masculine human being in which notions of honor, pride, and status room prone to erupt in a rage of conflict.

The viciousness and also dangers the the play’s social environment are dramatic tools that Shakespeare employs to make the lovers’ romance seem even an ext precious and also fragile—their partnership is the audience’s just respite from the brutal people pressing versus their love. The fights in between Mercutio and Tybalt and then between Romeo and Tybalt room chaotic; Tybalt kills Mercutio under Romeo’s arm, flees, and also then suddenly, and also inexplicably, returns to hit Romeo, who kills him in revenge. Passion outweighs factor at every turn.

Romeo’s cry, “O, i am fortune’s fool!” refers specifically to his unluckiness in being compelled to death his new wife’s cousin, thereby gaining himself banished (3.1.131). It likewise recalls the sense of fate the hangs end the play. Mercutio’s response to his fate, however, is remarkable in the ways it diverges from Romeo’s response. Romeo blames fate, or fortune, for what has happened come him. Mercutio curses the Montagues and also Capulets. He seems to see world as the reason of his death, giving no credit to any type of larger force.

Elizabethan society generally believed that a guy who was too lot in love lost his manliness. Romeo plainly subscribes to the belief, as have the right to be seen once he says that his love because that Juliet had actually made him “effeminate.” once again, however, this statement deserve to be viewed as a fight between the private world of love and also the public civilization of honor, duty, and friendship. The Romeo that duels v Tybalt is the Romeo who Mercutio would speak to the “true” Romeo. The Romeo who sought to avoid confrontation out of concern for his wife is the human being Juliet would acknowledge as her loving Romeo. The word "effeminate"is used by the public civilization of honor upon those points it does not respect. In using the term to define his current state, Romeo accepts the responsibilities thrust upon the by the social organizations of honor and also family duty.

The arrival of the Prince and also the angry citizens shifts the focus of the play come a various sort of publicly sphere. Romeo’s killing of Tybalt is significant by rashness and vengeance, qualities prized by noblemen, however which threaten the public order that citizens desire and the Prince has actually a duty to uphold. Together one that has displayed such traits, Romeo is banished native Verona.

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Earlier, the Prince acted come repress the hate of the Montagues and the Capulets in stimulate to maintain public peace; now, still acting to avert outbreaks that violence, the Prince unwittingly acts come thwart the love of Romeo and Juliet. Consequently, v their love censured not only by the Montagues and also Capulets however by the leader of Verona, Romeo and Juliet’s relationship puts Romeo in peril of violent reprisal indigenous both Juliet’s kinsmen and the state.