The Canterbury story by Geoffrey Chaucer is a collection of various kinds of story told by a group of imagine pilgrims going to Canterbury: the Cathedral, a ar of assassination the Saint thomas a Becket. One of the pilgrims, Chaucer’s persona or narrator, that is a polite servant, retells united state the stories.

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Geoffrey Chaucer (1343-1400)


Chaucer planned to write a long series of story in verse, so as to describe his indigenous country, the people and their means of life, and to refer the experiences of the native people in the indigenous language, thereby developing a national literature.

Before Chaucer, there was the deadening influence of French language and literature (after the occupation of 1066) top top the native English language and also literature. Chaucer lifted the ‘vulgar’ (common) vernacular right into a literary language, the expressive power and dignity, and sowed the seed of modern-day English city (and literary traditional in general). Besides the Latin, Greek, French and also even Italian ‘prestige’ languages, indigenous English language likewise began to become the medium of poetic expression after Chaucer this is why Chaucer is often called the father of English poetry.

Chaucer planned come write about 120 story by making each of the 30 pilgrims tell 2 story each ~ above the means to Canterbury and also 2 more each top top their way back (as the leader the the party speak in the prologue). But Chaucer could write just 22 stories. This day The Canterbury tales is far-ranging not just as the very first great piece of English literature but additionally a realistic item of literary works that brings (illustrates) the 14th century England more vividly 보다 the most laborious history. The really description the the team that pilgrims in its arrival (The general Prologue) is a “virtual art gallery” that provides a complete picture of the 14th century English culture including the entire variety of civilization from every classes, ranks, profession, both sexes, the an excellent and the bad… and in such a reality manner that makes Chaucer among the best realists in the background of English literature. The prologue and also the tales together both tell and show united state the people’s method of life, your food, dress, interests, and habits, beliefs and attitudes, superstitions, spiritual life, rituals, social etiquette, table manners, hypocrisies, and also many other details that develop a vivid snapshot of the society.

Chaucer’s characters are varieties as well together individual characters; each of the individuals represents his/ she class, profession, age, sex or some sort of type, but at the exact same time each one of them is explained with such an individual details around facial features, build, dress, separation, personal, instance traits, likes and also dislikes, and also so on, in order to make us feel the he/she is a actual individual human being being the the time. For instance, the article is a typical medieval crusader, faithful servant of the british royalty, a knight that loved chivalry, honesty, truth and also courtesy, and also like all right knights, a respected and reputed man almost everywhere the country. In this way, he to represent a course of human beings, the knights that the fourteenth century England. However at the same time, he has actually his own very individual qualities: the is “as meek as a maid,” and he has his own favorites in dress and food and so on.

There room balances of numerous kinds in the characterization of the characters. Like the balance between the individual and typical characteristics in the summary of every character, Chaucer has kept a balance between the hopeful and negative traits of each class and also individual characters. No all the polite servants room ideal favor the knight; over there is a tax-evading Reeve that was richer than his lords by method of fraud and fright! thus he balances between the an excellent and bad people in each class (nobility, clergy and laity), every gender, every profession, and also so on. For instance, there is a ‘hunting’ mock who had almost renounced and even denounced his religious duties and also codes that conduct, but he is praised because that his being a practical man and also a good rider! all knights can not be necessarily so virtuous.

Another striking technique is the characterization through the selection of details and the means the narrator move from one kind of detail to another. The narrator notices features as certain as the color of a woman’s lips, the mole top top the nose-tip about a man, the red face and also rolling red eye of a monk. Yet he likewise mentions attributes as basic as the craze for aristocratic etiquette that a nun, the love roasted swan in the monk, the golden thumb of the miller, or the exercise of virtue prior to preaching the by a ‘good man’ parson. The narrator move from specific and separation, personal, instance details to general ones. However at times he shifts abruptly indigenous any form of detail to any type of other type, providing us the impression the these data are actually being gathered top top the ‘field’ itself.

The narrator includes every element of every character; your facial functions including moles and scars. Their dress and the steed they are riding, your voice and also temperament, your passions and also foibles, their affectations and also degradations, your virtues and ideals, their profession and abilities, their past lives and also present status, their behavior and humors. This variety and natural transition in the inclusion of the details additionally reinforces the impression of fact in the characterization.

Chaucer barely holds the mirror approximately the culture of his time. Even when we read only the prologue come The Canterbury Tales, we satisfy all the type of world of his time, leaving more than likely only the topmost, the king, and also the an extremely bottom, the beggar. He has included all the 3 estates, the nobility, the clergy and also the commoners. To make the picture much more representatives, he has actually selected the virtuous and also the corrupted as well as the blended “human” species from all the 3 estates. Together we review the description of his characters, us are provided the impression that Chaucer’s period was a time of transition from the medieval world to the of the Renaissance. Uneven the other writers that were shed in dreams and allegories, Chaucer has presented genuine life and also people v their activities, tendencies, weaknesses, greatnesses, individual and professional behaviors, their passions and their absurdities. From their descriptions, we understand the social and also economic and also the religious and moral elements of the society of fourteenth century England. The characters are types representing their particular professions, gender, religious traditions and social statues: the details of a character can be generalised as representing your class, profession, gender etc. But, there are an individual features like summary of facial and dress details, emotions and tendencies in the summary of each character. This renders the prologue even an ext realistic.

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Sharma, Kedar N."The Canterbury story by Geoffrey Chaucer: Synopsis." gimpppa.org, 13Nov. 2009, gimpppa.org/britishandamericanpoetry/the-canterbury-tales.html.