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Who was Antonio Vivaldi?
Antonio Vivaldi was ordained as a priest despite he instead decided to follow his passion for music. A prolific composer who created hundreds of works, he came to be renowned for his concertos in Baroque style, coming to be a extremely influential innovator in kind and pattern. The was also known because that his operas, including Argippo and Bajazet.
Antonio Lucio Vivaldi to be born on march 4, 1678, in Venice, Italy. His father, Giovanni Battista Vivaldi, to be a experienced violinist who taught his young child to play together well. With his father, Vivaldi met and learned from some of the finest musicians and composers in Venice at the time. If his violin exercise flourished, a chronic shortness that breath barred him from mastering wind instruments.
Vivaldi sought religious training and also musical instruction. At the age of 15, he started studying to end up being a priest. He was ordained in 1703. As result of his red hair, Vivaldi was well-known locally together "il Prete Rosso," or "the Red Priest." Vivaldi's job in the clergy to be short-lived. Health troubles prevented him from carrying mass and also drove that to give up the priesthood quickly after his ordination.
At the period of 25, Vivaldi to be named grasp of violin in ~ the Ospedale della Pietà (Devout Hospital of Mercy) in Venice. The composed many of his significant works in this position over three decades. The Ospedale was an school where orphans obtained instruction -- the guys in trades and also the girl in music. The many talented musicians join an orchestra that played Vivaldi's compositions, including religious choral music. Under Vivaldi's leadership, the orchestra got international attention. In 1716, the was supported to music director.
In addition to his choral music and concerti, Vivaldi had started regularly writing opera scores through 1715; about 50 of this scores remain. His two most successful operatic works, La constanza trionfante and Farnace, were perform in multiple revivals throughout Vivaldi's lifetime.
In addition to his constant employment, Vivaldi welcomed a variety of short-term positions sponsor by patrons in Mantua and Rome. The was during his hatchet in Mantua, from approximately 1717 to 1721, that he wrote his four-part masterpiece, The four Seasons. He paired the pieces with four sonnets, which the may have written himself.
Vivaldi's fans and also patrons contained members that European royal families. Among his cantatas, Gloria e Imeneo, to be written particularly for the wedding the King louis XV. That was also a favourite of Emperor Charles VI, that honored Vivaldi publicly by specify name him a knight.
Later Life and also Death
Vivaldi's renown together a composer and also musician in early on life walk not translate into lasting financial success. Overshadowed by younger composers and more contemporary styles, Vivaldi left Venice for Vienna, Austria, possibly hoping to discover a position in the royal court situated there. He discovered himself there is no a influential patron following the death of Charles VI, however, and also died in poverty in Vienna on July 28, 1741. That was buried in a basic grave after a funeral organization that proceeded there is no music.
Musicians and scholars restored Vivaldi's music in the early 20th century, during which time many of the composer's unknown works were recovered from obscurity. Alfredo Casella, a composer and pianist, arranged the Vivaldi Week resurgence in 1939. The music of Vivaldi has actually been perform widely because World battle II. The choral composition Gloria, re-introduced to the general public at Casella's Vivaldi Week, is an especially famous and is performed regularly at Christmas celebrations worldwide.
Vivaldi's work, including practically 500 concertos, have actually influenced subsequent composers, consisting of Johann Sebastian Bach.
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