What are financial Indicators?

An economic indicator is a metric supplied to assess, measure, and evaluate the all at once state of health and wellness of the macroeconomy. Economic indicators are often gathered by a government agency or private business intelligence company in the type of a census or survey, i beg your pardon is climate analyzed additional to generate an financial indicator.

You are watching: Which of the following economic indicators measures a specific type of economic activity

*

Financial experts and investors keep track of macroeconomic indicators due to the fact that the economy is a resource ofsystematic riskSystematic RiskSystematic threat is that component of the full risk the is led to by factors beyond the manage of a certain company or individual. Systematic risk is brought about by determinants that are outside to the organization. Every investments or securities room subject to organized risk and also therefore, the is a non-diversifiable risk. The affects the growth or decrease of every industries and also companies.

Which is the Primary financial Indicator?

Gross residential Product (GDP)

The Gross residential Product (GDP)GDP FormulaGross domestic Product (GDP) is the monetary value, in regional currency, of every final economic goods and also services produced in a nation during a is widely welcomed as the main indicator the macroeconomic performance. The GDP, together an pure value, shows the in its entirety size of an economy, while changes in the GDP, regularly measured as real expansion in GDP, present the overall health the the economy.

The GDP is composed of four components, namely:

ConsumptionInvestmentGovernment ExpenditureNet Exports

So far, the only country to not use GDP together an economic measure is the Kingdom that Bhutan, which provides the pistol National delight index as an alternative.

However, for every its uses, GDP is no a perfect measure of the economy. It is due to the fact that GDP deserve to vary by political an interpretation even if over there is no difference in the economy. For example, the EU enforced a ascendancy on indebtedness the a country should preserve a deficit within 3% of its GDP. By estimating and also including the black market in that GDP calculations, Italy boosted its economic situation by 1.3%. It provided the Italian government much more freedom in budgetary spending.

Another concern relating to reliance ~ above GDP together an economic indicator is that it is just released every three months. In order to make timely decisions, alternative economic indications that space released more frequently room used. The indicators, which room selected based upon a high predictive value in relation to GDP, are provided to forecast the in its entirety state that the economy.

What space Other economic Indicators?

Purchasing Manager’s index (PMI)

In the US, one of the most followed financial indicators is the academy of it is provided Management’s to buy Manager’s table of contents or PMI because that short. The ISM’s PMI is a survey sent out to businesses that span across all phibìc American Industry category System (NAICS)North American Industry group System (NAICS)The north American Industry category System (NAICS) is a ordered coding mechanism that groups businesses into industries. Categories to collect info on production levels, brand-new orders, inventories, deliveries, backlog, and also employment. The information built up can be provided to estimate the overall business confidence in ~ the economy and also helps determine if it shows an expansionary or contractionary outlook.

One the the factors why PMI is among the many followed economic indicators is because of its strong correlation through GDP while being among the very first economic indicators to be released monthly. The ingredient GDP the the PMI most very closely relates come is the investment component.

*
Legend: White line: real US GDP Basket Price0; Blue line: ISM PMI

Consumer Purchasing index (CPI)

While not straight related come the GDP, inflation is a key indicator because that financial experts because that its significant effect on firm and legacy performance. Inflation erodes the nominal worth of one asset, which leader to a greater discount rate. Based upon the fundamental principle of the time Value of Money (TVM)Time worth of MoneyThe time worth of money is a simple financial ide that holds that money in the current is worth an ext than the exact same sum of money come be obtained in the future. This is true because money that you have actually right now have the right to be invested and earn a return, thus creating a larger amount of money in the future. (Also, through future, it way that future cash flows are worth much less in present terms.

To measure up inflation, one of the most adhered to indicators is the consumer Purchasing index (CPI). The CPI steps the change of prices of a basket that goods, relative to a basic year. The formula is as follows:

*

A basket is aggregated through the many consumed consumer goods or services. The price the the basket is climate measured against the exact same basket in the basic year. The CPI includes several variants.

Core CPI is the CPI excluding prices from energy and food-related products. The reason is the energy and also commodity food industries experience high volatility in prices. Remove the 2 items provides a an ext stable measure of CPI.

Attributes of economic Indicators

An financial indicator may possess one of the three complying with attributes:

1. Procyclical

It is one indicator that moves in a direction similar to the economy. For example, GDP is procyclical due to the fact that it rises if the economic climate is performing well. If the economic climate is no doing fine (i.e., recession), GDP decreases.

2. Countercyclical

It is an indicator that moves in the contrary direction of the economy. For example, the joblessness rate decreases if the economic climate is thriving.

3. Acyclical

It is an indicator the bears no partnership to the economic situation at all.

See more: Today"S Value Of French Franc In 1940 2 French Franc, Historical Currency Converter

List of economic Indicators

Here is a perform of the most common leading and lagging financial indicators:

Leading Indicators

Stock market PerformanceRetail Sales FiguresBuilding Permits and also Housing StartsLevel of production ActivityInventory Balances

Lagging Indicators

GDP GrowthIncome and Wage Growth/DeclineUnemployment RateCPI (Inflation)Interest rates (risking/falling)Corporate Profits

Video Explanation of financial Indicators

Watch the short video clip below to easily understand the main principles covered here, consisting of what financial indicators are, the primary and other financial indicators, and the leading and also lagging indicators.

Related Readings

CFI is a leading provider of jae won modeling process for investment banking professionals. To aid you advance your career, check out the additional CFI sources below: