Chad Haines receives resources from the American institute of Pakistan Studies, the U.S. Department of State, and also the Fulbright Foundation.
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family members spending time with each other over the weekend. Stnorbert/Flickr, CC BY-NC-ND
In the 1920s and 1930s, job unions representing commercial workers agitated for additional reducing the work week come 40 hours, eventually gaining success in 1940 through the i of amendments to the 1938 Fair standards Labor Act. The two-day weekend is an end result of that effort.
After people War II the worldwide economy shifted away from manufacturing to putting greater emphasis on consumption and leisure. Automobiles, family members vacations, department stores and also movie theaters arised as important chauffeurs of economic growth.
In this context, the idea the the weekend became an ext significant, not simply as a rest from work, but as a time to consume more.
With the production of the two-day weekend in 1940 ~ above Saturday and also Sunday, both Christian and also Jewish work of praise were acknowledged.
The Jewish Shabbat, or Sabbath, for example, commences top top Friday evening and goes v Saturday evening. Besides worship, on this day, part Jews watch a strictly day that nonwork including not cooking or transforming on any type of power switches. Similarly, Christians mark Sunday as a job of worship and also rest.
Jewish mother lighting candles on Sabbath eve. Rafael Ben-Ari/Photodisc save on computer via Getty pictures Images
I to be a scholar who researches the results of modernity on day-to-day Muslim lives. In Islam, together I know, no day of remainder is acknowledged; the idea came through modernity. The 12th-century Islamic scholar and also jurist al-Ghazali issued religious ruling that Jewish workers and subjects had the right to follow the Shabbat and also be exit from work. However never was it intended that Muslims also take a distinct day the rest.
In the Quran, the Christian and Judaic idea the Allah “created the heavens and the earth and also all between them in 6 days” is affirmed. But it go on come assert that “nor did any type of sense that weariness touch us.”
An Islamic weekend
The idea that the weekend together a period of rest from job-related was introduced throughout the Muslim civilization mostly with European early american rule in the second half of the 20th century. The united Nations’ global Labor Organization also played a key role in getting countries to accept this change.
However, in Islamic practice, Friday is a distinct day of worship, not Saturday or Sunday. Top top this day, Muslims are called to pray in a congregation throughout the midday prayer.
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So, in lot of the Muslim world, the modern weekend is adjusted to permit Friday together a day off from work-related to accommodate the congregational prayer.
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Rather than simply a distinct midday prayer, for most of the Muslim civilization the whole Friday take away on new significance, make it an ext akin to the Christian and Jewish ideas of a job of rest and a complete day of spiritual celebration.
In Cairo, because that example, the Friday sermon, “khutba,” in addition to recitations from the Quran are blared from electronic speakers across the soundscape that the city starting in midmorning. Many stores and bazaars space closed throughout the day, opening only in the evening, lot like in Jewish and also Christian communities and also countries.
For countless Muslims approximately the world, Friday is the beginning of a weekend, whereby they incorporate piety, a rest from work and also family time, together with leisure.