Introduction come Adjectives and Adverbs

Adjectives modify nouns and also pronouns; adverb modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs.

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Key Takeaways

Key PointsAdjectives describe, quantify, or identify pronouns and nouns.Adjectives frequently answer the questions how many?; How much?; What kind?; or Which one?Adverbsmodify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs.Adverbs frequently describe how, when, or where the activity of a verb took place.Key Termsadjectives: A part of speech the describes, quantifies, or identify a noun or pronoun.adverb: A part of speech the describes, quantifies, or identifies a verb, adjective, or other adverb.

Adjectives and Adverbs

Have you ever seen a picture of the good Wall of China? It’s merely enormous. It’s extremely long, snaking that is stony method across the mountains and also valleys the Asia, through beautiful towers standing tall every pair of hundreds feet. However without modifiers, “the great Wall” would merely be “the Wall.” We need adverbs and also adjectives in stimulate to be descriptive in our writing.

Adjectives, prefer “great,” “enormous,” “stony,” “long,” and also “beautiful,” modify nouns and also pronouns. Adverbs, favor “simply” and “incredibly,” modify verbs, adjectives, and also other adverbs.


Great wall surface of China: there is no adjectives, “the good Wall” would simply be “the Wall.”

Descriptive indigenous can considerably improve her writing. They improve the high quality of details you provide, making your work an ext precise. However, friend don’t want to overwhelm her reader through unnecessary or extreme description. Try to win a balance.


Adjectives describe, quantify, or recognize pronouns and nouns. Remember, a noun is a person, place, or thing. Pronouns, such as I, me, we, he, she, it, you, and also they, take the location of nouns. Adjectives also answer the following questions: What kind? How many? How much? Which one?

Descriptions concerning What kind? offer descriptive details about the noun or pronoun. That may describe physical characteristics or emotions. Here are a couple of examples: the black car, the angry customer, the fashionable teen.

The concerns How many? and also How much? refer to amount of the noun or pronoun being defined by the adjective. Quantity have the right to be certain (four ducks) or basic (some ducks). Right here are some an ext examples: fourteen cents, a few puppies, several kittens, a dozen books.

Which one? specifically describes which thing is gift referred to. These are workhorse words favor “this,” “that,” “these,” and also other words like “them”: that car, this letter, those volunteers.

Adjectives are helpful when additional description is necessary for a noun or pronoun. Like adjectives, adverbs can additionally help include details to your writing.


Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and also other adverbs. They frequently describe how, when, or whereby the activity of a verb take it place. How refers come the path in i beg your pardon an activity occurred. When addresses the time of the action. Where investigates the place or place the action took place. Here are part examples:

The boys ran loudly down the stairs. Loudly.>We went under later. Later.>He ceded pizza locally. Locally.>

Adverbs can likewise be provided to modify adjectives and other adverbs.

The train leaves at a reasonably early hour. sensibly modifies the adjective early.>She spoke quite passionately about politics. quite modifies the adverb passionately.>

Which must You Use: adjectives or Adverbs?

Writers regularly have a an option in wording a sentence to usage either one adjective or an adverb:

Adjective: We had actually a quick lunch.Adverb: us ate lunch quickly.

So, exactly how do you choose when to usage an adjective and when to usage an adverb? One method to select is simply to number out whether the word you desire to modify is a noun or a verb. In the very first sentence, you are describing the lunch; in the 2nd sentence, you space describing the way of eating.

A better approach, though, is not to think around the words you can modify however the info you desire to convey. You perform not need to define every noun or verb—just the ones whose details are necessary to the sentence. If you want to emphasize the meal, you would certainly pick the first sentence; if you desire to emphasize the act of eating, you would pick the second.

Remember, adjectives and also adverbs deserve to be separated by which varieties of info they provide. Think around the details the are necessary to include, and then choose your amendment accordingly.

Key Takeaways

Key PointsAdjectives are provided to describe, quantify, or recognize pronouns and also nouns.They answer these questions: What kind? how many? just how much? which one?Compound adjectives are provided when 2 adjectives are necessary to describe a noun.Adjectives can be offered to compare two various things.Key Termsadjective: A word that modifies a noun or pronoun.compound adjective: One word formed with 2 hyphenated words and used to explain a noun.


Adjectives describe, quantify, or determine pronouns and nouns. They additionally answer the adhering to questions: What kind? how many? just how much? i beg your pardon one?

Descriptions around “What kind?” include detail about the characteristics of the noun or pronoun gift described. This ranges from details concerning physical features to emotional states. Here are part examples: the yellow dress, the sad clown, the smart pupil.

Descriptions comment “How many?” and “How much?” clues the amount of every little thing noun or pronoun you space modifying. Quantifying adjectives can be particular (ten candles, three hundred pages) or basic (several minutes, a few people, some candy).

Descriptions comment “Which one?” confirm exactly which object the writer is referring to. Examples include phrases such as “that novel,” “this writer,” or “those students.” many adjectives that serve this purpose are dubbed determiners or demonstrative pronouns.

Compound Adjectives

In part situations, 2 adjectives might be provided to define a noun. Sometimes these two adjectives continue to be separate, as 2 distinctive indigenous describing the noun. But other times, the adjectives incorporate to end up being one adjective join by a hyphen.

The expression a heavy metal detector refers to a metal detector the is hefty in weight. Heavy and metal are different adjectives describing the detector in this situation.The expression a heavy-metal detector refers to a detector of hefty metals. Heavy-metal is the compound adjective describing the detector.

As you have the right to see, the hyphen totally changes the definition of the phrase by combining two words right into one. Here’s another example:

The expression man eat shark refers to a man who is eat a shark.The phrase man-eating shark describes a shark that eats men.

Adjectives for Comparison

Adjectives are also used to to compare items:

This year’s graduating class was smaller 보다 last year’s class.This book is the best one we’ve review so far.

The standard form for making use of adjectives because that comparison is to add -er to the end of an adjective being provided to compare two items (brighter, cooler) and also -est to the finish of an adjective provided to compare much more than two items (brightest, coolest). However, some adjectives—for example, people that are three or an ext syllables—like beautiful are changed to say “more beautiful” and also “most beautiful” fairly than including these endings.

Pronouns as Adjectives

Sometimes, pronouns deserve to be provided as adjectives. In addition to demonstrative pronouns, own pronouns favor “his” or “their” can additionally identify particular objects within a set. For example:

Which car should we drive? We should drive her car.Whose house is closest? Your home is closest.

Prepositional Phrases as Adjectival Phrases

Prepositional phrases can act together adjectives, normally editing the noun that comes before them.

Which publications should we read? The books on the curriculum.Whose stories did us listen to in class? Those of the teacher.

Lastly, in addition to solitary words, you have the right to use adjectival phrases. These space phrases that begin with an adjective yet then have a noun the adds further detail, such together “full that toys” instead of simply “full.” They space most commonly used as a modifier inserted right ~ a noun or together a property to a verb. Because that example, you could say “The kid loved his bin full of toys,” or “That bin is complete of toys.”

Key Takeaways

Key PointsAn adverb is provided to change verbs, adjectives, and also other adverbs.Adverbs answer this questions: once did something happen? How regularly did that occur? exactly how was the action performed? where did it take it place?Sometimes, adverbs and also adjectives are hyphenated to better describe a noun.Key Termsadverb: A component of decided which modifies verbs, adjectives, and also adverbs.


Just as adjectives modify nouns and pronouns, adverb modify verbs, adjectives, and also other adverbs. Exactly how slimy was the swamp? Extremely slimy. Just how did she run? She ran quickly. How quickly did she run? Very quickly.

Adverbs are provided to prize how, when, and also where an action took place. Much more specifically, consider: when did other happen? How regularly did the occur? just how was the action performed? whereby did it take place? Let’s check out some examples:

Describing when: The critical time i went shopping to be a when ago.Describing how often: i visit my friends frequently.Describing how: he ran quickly in the race.Describing where: She sat under nearby.

Many adjectives can be made into adverbs merely by including -ly to the end. However, over there are various other adverbs that carry out not finish in -ly: very, quite, somewhat, most, least, and also many others.

Prepositional Phrases as Adverbs

You have the right to use prepositional phrases as adverb if they change a verb, adjective, or adverb. For example:

Don’t referee a publication by its cover. I am worn down that this diet. <“Of this diet” explains the adjective “tired.”>

The hyphenated Adverb

Hyphens deserve to be offered to incorporate an adverb and adjective to describe a noun. In this situation, the adverb is describing the adjective, and also the adjective is relenten the noun. However, when the adverb ends with -ly, a hyphen need to not be used. Let’s review some examples.

beautiful-looking flowersbest-known authorwell-rounded studentbest-paid job

If the hyphen was eliminated from any of these instances the expression would take it on a different meaning. Because that example, “best-known author” explains the writer who is known the best, conversely, “best well-known author” would describe an author who is, separately, both best and also known. The hyphen is what makes sure the “best” describes “known” rather than “author.”

Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers

A modifier is a word or group of words that describes an additional word or team of words.

Key Takeaways

Key PointsA full is a indigenous or expression that describes, limits, or qualifies an additional word.Adjectives and also adverbs room two types of modifiers together they are provided to explain other words.It is crucial to use modifiers effectively so readers understand your intended meaning.Incorrect modifiers come in the form of dangling modifiers, misplaced modifiers, and also squinting modifiers.The best means to resolve an incorrect modifier is to restructure the sentence.Key Termsmisplaced modifier: Occurs once it is unsure what indigenous or words a modifier is referencing.modifier: A word or expression that describes, limits, or qualifies the sense of another word or phrase.squinting modifier: A word that is placed right beside the word it refers to, but is additionally near one more word the it could be modifying.dangling modifier: an error in the sentence in which a full is connected with a word or phrase that that is not an alleged to describe.


A modifier is a native or expression that describes one more word or phrase. Two common types of modifiers space the adverb (a word that describes an adjective, a verb, or one more adverb) and also the adjective (a native that explains a noun or pronoun). However, though every adjectives and adverbs are modifiers, not all modifiers room adjectives and also adverbs. Numerous modifiers are entire phrases. For example:

Responsible for representing students come the faculty and also overseeing student organizations, the college student Council plays crucial role in campus life.

The modifying phrase (in italics) provides extr information about the subject of the sentence: the college student Council.

Clarity v Modifiers

Above all, that should constantly be clean to the reader which indigenous an adjective, adverb, or editing phrase is describing. By paying fist to placement and also making certain that if you desire to modify a verb you use an adverb instead of an adjective, you will make it much less complicated for your reader to pick up on her intended meaning. In cases where modification are used incorrectly, the an outcome is a dangling modifier, a misplaced modifier, or a squinting modifier.

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Dangling Modifiers

A dangling comprehensive occurs as soon as the modifying phrase is too far away from words it is claimed to describe. As a result, the modifier appears to refer to something else, causing confusion because that the reader. Dangling modifiers can be corrected by restructuring the sentence. For example:

Giant Illustration?

Dangling: Covering many of Minnesota, the illustration confirmed the glacier developed thousands the lakes. illustration covers many of Minnesota!>Corrected: Covering most of Minnesota, the glacier developed thousands the lakes, as illustrated on the illustration. glacier together it is intended.>

Walking Winds?

Dangling: Walking throughout the desert, fierce winds swirled about the riders. winds are walking across the desert!>Corrected: Fierce winds swirled approximately the riders as they walked across the desert. riders are the people walking throughout the desert.>

Strolling Squirrels?

Dangling: Strolling with the park, the 설 설 scampered throughout our feet. Corrected: as we strolled v the park, squirrels scampered across our feet.

Misplaced Modifiers

Similar to a dangling modifier, a misplaced full occurs when it is uncertain what word(s) the comprehensive is referencing. Many misplaced modifiers can be repair by placing the editing phrase beside the subject it ad to. For example:

Hurt Bicycle

Misplaced: Erik couldn’t ride his bicycle with a damaged leg. Corrected: v his broken leg, Eric couldn’t ride his bike.

Ballerina Dog

Misplaced: The little girl go the dog wearing a tutu. Corrected: tho wearing a tutu, the tiny girl to walk the dog.

Squinting Modifiers

A squinting modifier is a modifier that is placed right alongside the word the refers to, but is additionally near an additional word the it could be modifying. This can also be repair by restructuring the sentence. For example:

A an excellent Exercise

Squinting: to ride bicycle uphill easily strengthens the leg muscles. Corrected: quickly cycling uphill strengthens the foot muscles.

Peter, I’m certain We can Find girlfriend a Chair

Misplaced: Peter ate the pie sitting ~ above the windowsill. Corrected: Peter ate the pie that was sitting on the windowsill.

Dangling: To avoid dangling and also misplaced modifiers in your writing, make certain the indigenous or phrase being modification is plainly identified.