The full lesson deserve to be viewed by enrolling in the Year 8 Chemistry digital Course or by purchasing the Year 8 Chemistry great Notes.

You are watching: What has the lowest density solid liquid or gas


Learning Objective

In this lesson we will certainly look much more closely at density as a physical property, consisting of what happens as soon as substances with various densities space gimpppa.orgbined.

Learning Outgimpppa.orges

By the finish of this lesson you will be able to:

Describe density.Express thickness as a mathematics relationship between mass and also volume.Calculate the density of regular and irregular solids.Describe and explain the layering of building materials with various densities.Explain exactly how temperature and pressure can affect the thickness of a substance.

See more: What Is 5 Percent Of 350 000 0? What Is 5 Percent Of 350000

*

(Image: Baharlou, Adobe Stock)


Lesson Topics

1 | Density

2 | Calculating Density

3 | gimpppa.orgparing Densities of Solids, Liquids and also Gases

4 | thickness Layering

5 | The impact of Temperature on Density

6 | The effect of push on density of Gases

Lesson Summary

Density ad to how much issue is in a offered amount the space.It have the right to be expressed mathematically as:
*
where fixed is the quantity of issue in the substance and also volume is the lot of space the problem occupies.Density is measured in units such together g/cm3 or kg/m3.The mass of a substance deserve to be established by weighing the on an electronic balance.The volume the a liquid have the right to be identified by measuring it in a measure up cylinder.The volume the a continual solid have the right to be figured out using a mathematical formula.The volume of an irregular solid have the right to be determined by measuring exactly how much fluid it displaces in a measuring cylinder.Volumes measure in mL have the right to be convert to cm3 using the formula:
*
Generally:Solids typically have high or an extremely high densities.Liquids normally have high densities.Gases generally have an extremely low densities.Mixtures containing substances with different densities will form vertical layers, where:The least dense substance will lie at the top.The most thick substance will lie at the bottom.Pure water has a thickness of 1 g/cm3.Therefore, any substance with a density less 보다 1g/cm3 will float in water and also any substance v a density greater 보다 1g/cm3 will certainly sink in water.Most frozen solids will sink in a liquid of the very same substance together substances space usually more dense as solids than liquids.Ice is unusual because it is less thick than water and therefore floats in it.Heating substances causes them to expand and also therefore end up being less dense.Cooling substances causes them gimpppa.orge contract and also therefore begimpppa.orge an ext dense.Pressurising gases causes them gimpppa.orge contract and also therefore begimpppa.orge an ext dense.

*