Reactions that Bromine
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Reactions v water Bromine reacts with water to develop hypobromite, OBr-. The pH the the solution determines the position of the equilibrium. Br2(l) + H2O(l)OBr-(aq) + 2H+(aq) + Br-(aq)
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Reactions with air Bromine is not reactive towards oxygen or nitrogen however it will react ozone at -78°C to form the rough compound bromine(IV) oxide. Br2(l) + 2O3(g)O2(g) + 2BrO2(s)
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Reactions through halogens Bromine reacts v chlorine in the gas step to type the interhalogen types BrF. The product is complicated to acquire pure because BrF disproportionates in ~ room temperature to kind bromine, Br2, and also BrF3 and BrF5. Br2(g) + F2(g)2BrF(g) 3BrF(g) + Br2(l)BrF3(l) 5BrF(g) + 2Br2(l)BrF5(l) Under more forceful conditions, overabundance fluorine reacts through bromine in ~ 150°C to type the interhalogen species BrF5. Br2(l) + 5F2(g)2BrF5(l) Chlorine reacts with bromine in the gas step to kind the stormy interhalogen types bromine(I) chloride, ClBr. Cl2(g) + Br2(g)2ClBr(l) Bromine reacts v iodine in ~ room temperature to kind the interhalogen types bromine(I) iodide, BrI. Br2(l) + I2(s)2IBr(s)
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Reactions through bases Bromine reacts with hot aqueous alkali to develop bromate.


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Only one 6th of the total bromine is converted in this reaction. 3Br2(g) + 6OH-(aq)BrO3-(aq) + 5Br-(aq) + 3H20 Reduction Potentials Balanced half-reaction E0 / V Br2(l) + 2e-2Br- +1.065 Br2(aq) + 2e-2Br- +1.087 Br3- + 2e-3Br- +1.05 HBrO3 + 5H+ + 6e-Br- + 3H2O +1.42 3HBrO3 + 15H+ + 16e-Br3- + 9H2O +1.462 2BrO3- + 12H+ + 10e-Br2(l) + 6H2O +1.52 BrO3- + 6H+ + 6e-Br- + 3H2O +1.44 BrO3- + 3H2O + 6e-Br- + 6OH- +0.61 2HBrO2 + 10H+ + 10e-Br2(l) + 6H2O +1.48 HBrO3 + 4H+ + 4e-HBrO + 2H2O +1.46 HBrO3 + 3H+ + 4e-BrO- + 2H2O +1.33 2HBrO + 2H+ + 2e-Br2(l) + 2H2O +1.59 2BrO- + 4H+ + 2e-Br2(l) + 2H2O +2.09 2BrO- + 2H2O + 2e-Br2(l) + 4OH- +0.45 BrO- + H2O + 2e-Br- + 2OH- +0.76