The English meaning of Ramirez is child of Ramiro (meaning "wise protector"). The surname Ramirez is of Spanish origin. The lock Ramirez is aPatronymic name, which way that it is derived from a man"s given name, generally a father , head ancestor or patron. there are plenty of indicators the the name Ramirez might be of Jewish origin, create from the Jewish communities of Spain and also Portugal.
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When the Romans overcame the Jewish country in 70 CE, much of the Jewish population was sent into exile throughout the roman inn Empire. Plenty of were sent to the Iberian Peninsula. The about 750,000 Jews life in Spain in the year 1492 were banished native the nation by royal decree that Ferdinand and Isabella. The Jews the Portugal, to be banished number of years later. Reprieve indigenous the banishment decrees was promised to those Jews that converted come Catholicism. Though some converted by choice, many of this New-Christian converts were referred to as CONVERSOS or MARRANOS (a derogatory term for converts meaning pigs in Spanish), ANUSIM (meaning "coerced ones" in Hebrew) and CRYPTO-JEWS, together they secretly continued to exercise the tenets of the Jewish faith.
Our research has found that the household name Ramirez is cited through respect come Jews & Crypto-Jews in at least 14 bibliographical, documentary, or digital references:
From the civil documents of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
The Amsterdam Municipal Archives possess a complete collection of it is registered of intended marital relationships from 1578 to 1811, the year when the present Civil Registry was started. Between 1598 and 1811, 15238 Jewish couples were gotten in in these books. Both the variety of records and the volume that data that might be extracted from them space unprecedented.
Secrecy and also Deceit: The faith of the Crypto-Jews, by David Gitlitz
Despite the enhanced attention provided to Hispano-Jewish topics, and the "conversos" or Crypto-Jews in particular, this is the an initial thorough compilation of your customs and practices. The author has culled native Inquisition documents and also other sources to repaint a portrait of the richness and also diversity the Crypto-Jewish techniques in Spain, Portugal, and also the brand-new World. The history of Spanish Jews, or Sephardim, stretches back to biblical times. The Jews that Spain and also Portugal made developmental contributions to all Hispanic cultures, the influence of i m sorry is very first being measured and recognized today. The Sephardim skilled a golden e in Iberia in between 900-1100, throughout which lock acted together the intermediaries between the competitor political and cultural worlds the Islam and Christianity. This golden age ended v the Reconquest that Spain through Catholic overlords, despite for one more 300 year the Jews ongoing to add to Iberian life. In 1391 and also again in 1492, intense and also violent society pressures were placed upon the Jews to sign up with the bigger Christian community. Many Jews converted, regularly unwillingly. In 1492 the continuing to be Jews were exiled indigenous Spain. The convert Jews (Conversos) ended up being an underclass in Spanish society. Numerous of lock clung tenaciously to Jewish techniques in the confront of torture and death at the hand of the Inquisition. Having lost call with other Jews, this people emerged a religion which was an admixture the Catholic and also Jewish rituals. David Gitlitz examines these methods in detail and also attempts come answer the question of even if it is the Conversos were in reality Jewish. Gitlitz"s study is exhaustive. He has combed through hundreds of Inquistion records, mirroring that a feeling of "Jewishness" if not Jewish practice remained a core worth of numerous Spaniards" stays well right into the 1700s. Gitlitz is convincing in mirroring that the Inquisition unwittingly aided crypto-Jews in perpetuating us by publishing Edicts that Faith. Essentially checklists for informers, they described the behavior of "Judaizers" (sometimes the practices noted were absurd or merely erroneous). These, ironically, were offered by Judaizers together guides to religious behavior. That is revealing that as the Inquisition faded, crypto-Judaism waned, despite never completely vanished. Gitlitz"s knowledge and research on the subject is encyclopedic. The publication is composed in a "textbook" layout which renders it somewhat technical and dry, despite it is enlivened through excerpts indigenous Inquisition records, which Gitlitz has apparently chosen for their interest, irony, unintended comedy, or spiritedness. That is challenging to imagine that people would face the tortures of the rack for not eating pork. The these same tortured world could summon the will certainly to laugh at their executioners is other wondrous. The book includes the surname of the Sephardim (and sometimes their residences too).
From the records of Bevis Marks, The Spanish and Portuguese Congregation of London
Bevis clues is the Sephardic synagogue in London. That is end 300 year old and is the earliest still in usage in Britain.The Spanish and Portuguese Jews" Congregation the London has actually published numerous volumes the its records: they can be discovered in libraries such as the Cambridge university Library or the London urban Archive
indigenous the burial register of Bethahaim Velho Cemetery, released by the Jewish Historical society of England and transcribed through R. D. Barnett.
The register provides us dates for the burials in the "Bethahaim Velho" or Old Cemetery. The dates are detailed as every the Jewish calendar.
Conversos top top Trial, by Haim Bienart. The Hebrew university Magnes press Ltd. 1981.
The third volume in the Hispania Judaica Series, this well created story that the converso community of Ciudad genuine in Spain, based on the Inquisition trials the the mid 15th century. The book was created by Haim Beinart (1917-2010), Professor at Hebrew college in Jerusalem and an expert on this subject, and contains a perform of names, sometimes additionally providing the name of relatives, home locations, and also professions. Based upon the Inquisition"s records, the is a portrait the the Conversos" deep yearning for their Jewish past and also the can be fried sacrifice castle were ready to sell for their continued adherence come their genealogical faith.
Apellidos de Judios Sefardies (Surnames of the Sephardic Jews) from the website Comunidad Judia Del Principado de Asturias
The Principality the Asturias (Spanish: Principado de Asturias - Asturian: Principáu d"Asturies) is one autonomous neighborhood within the kingdom of Spain, former Kingdom of Asturias in the center Ages. That is located on the Spanish North coast facing the Cantabrian Sea (Mar Cantábrico, the Spanish surname for the only of Biscay).The most important cities space the provincial capital, Oviedo, the seaport and largest city Gijón, and also the industrial town of Avilés.No one knows the exact day at i beg your pardon Jews come in Asturias. Based exclusively on the documentation uncovered so much in Asturias, there are clear recommendations to the mid-eleventh century board of directors of Coyanza held in the Diocese the Oviedo in 1050 which claims in thing VI: "... No Christian shall live in the same house with Jews or eat v them; if anyone infringes ours constitution, they shall carry out penance for seven days, and also if not willing to execute it, being a noble person, lock shall be deprived of communion for a complete year, and also if an inferior human they will get a hundreds lashes."But that is in the twelfth century once the rise and also importance the the Jewish human being is more noticeable in this region. Jewish angry signatures begin to appear much more often on donation pledge cards from 1133. Asturias names space not an extremely common amongst the Jewish population in other parts of the peninsula around the exact same time, perhaps causing confusion.
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Ruth Reyes, "Sephardic family Names from Puerto Rico", The Casa Shalom Journal, Volume 10, published by The Institute for Marrano-Anusim Studies, Gan Yavneh, Israel 2008
This perform is compiled indigenous a catalogue the writer found top top a visit to Puerto Rico in the Museum of mountain Juan.
The Abarbanel foundation Website, "Reintegrating the lost Jews the Spain & Portugal"
List of surname of forcibly convert Jews who were do the efforts by the Spanish Inquisition because that practicing Judaism in Mexico in the years 1528 - 1815
Around the 12th century, surnames began to become common in Iberia. In Spain, wherein Arab-Jewish influence was significant, these brand-new names preserved their old initial structure, therefore that numerous of the Jewish surnames were of Hebrew derivation. Others were straight related to geographical locations and also were acquired because of the compelled wanderings led to by exile and also persecution. Other family members names were a an outcome of conversion, once the family accepted the name of your Christian sponsor. In countless cases, the Portuguese Jews be affected by each other surnames of pure Iberian/Christian origin. Countless names have actually been readjusted in the course of hike from country to country. In yet other cases "aliases", or totally new names, were embraced due to are afraid of persecution by the Inquisition.
A usual variation the Ramirez is Ramires.
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