National Academy that Public management (NAPA)The nationwide Academy that Public administration is one organization devoted to enhancing the power of administration systems-the network of publicly institutions, non-profit organizations, and also private carriers that now share in the implementation of public policy. As an independent, nonprofit organization chartered by Congress, the Academy responds to certain requests indigenous public agencies and non-government organizations. The Academy also promotes discourse on emerging trends in administration through its was standing Panels and with external funding.

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National approximately Air high quality Standards (NAAQS)Set through the EPA, these standards measure the effects of 3 criteria waiting pollutants: ozone, nitrogen oxides and volatile essential chemicals.

National environmental Policy act of 1969 (NEPA)NEPA calls for federal organ to prepare in-depth, objective analysis of a proposed action to determine the degree of that environmental affect on the natural and physical environment; options and mitigation that mitigate that impact; and the full and candid presentation of the evaluation to, and also involvement of, the interested and impacted public.

National historical Landmark (NHL)A district, site, building, structure, or thing of national historic significance, designated through the Secretary that the internal under government of the historical Sites plot of 1935 and entered in the national Register of historic Places.

National historical Preservation act (NHPA)Declares a national policy of historic preservation, consisting of the encouragement of conservation on the state and also private levels; authorizes the secretary of the inner to expand and also maintain a national Register of historic Places consisting of properties the state and also local as well as national significance; creates the Advisory council on historical Preservation; requires federal organ to consider the results of your undertakings on national Register nature and carry out the Advisory Council opportunities to comment (§106).

National management Council (NLC)A leadership team composed of the Director, Deputy Directors, combine Directors, and local Directors.

National naval Fisheries organization (NMFS)The NMFS is one of the 2 federal agencies charged through implementing §7 of the Endangered species Act.

National Park organization ( bureau in ~ the United says Department the Interior. The conservation unimpaired the organic and cultural resources and also values that the nationwide park device for the enjoyment, education, and inspiration of this and future generations.

National Pollutant Discharge Elimination mechanism (NPDES) PermitThe Clean Water act prohibits the discharge that "pollutants" through a "point source" into "waters the the unified States" without an NPDES permit. Point sources space discrete conveyances such as pipes or artificial ditches. Individual residences that are linked to a municipal system, use a septic system, or perform not have a surface discharge perform not require an NPDES permit; however, industrial, municipal, and other infrastructure must acquire permits if your discharges go straight to surface ar waters.

The ax "waters of the joined States" is defined an extremely broadly in the Clean Water Act and also 25 years of succeeding litigation. It method navigable waters, tributaries come navigable waters, federal government waters, the oceans out to 200 miles, and intrastate waters i beg your pardon are supplied by federal government travelers for recreation or other purposes, as a source of fish or shellfish offered in interstate commerce, or for commercial purposes by industries engaged in federal government commerce.

The NPDES allow specifies limits on what can be discharged, monitoring and reporting requirements, and other provisions to ensure the the discharge does no adversely influence water high quality or people"s health. NPDES permits are issued by claims that have acquired EPA approval to problem permits or by EPA areas in states without together approval.

National register of historical Places (NR or NRHP)The considerable list the districts, sites, buildings, structures, and also objects of national, regional, state, and local definition in American history, architecture, archeology, engineering, and society kept through the under government of the National historic Preservation act of 1966.

Native AmericansIncludes American Indians, Alaskan natives, aboriginal peoples that the Caribbean, indigenous Hawaiians, and other aboriginal Pacific islanders.

Natural resources Conservation company (NRCS)Since 1935, the NRCS (originally dubbed the soil Conservation Service) has listed leadership in a partnership initiative to assist America"s exclusive land owners and managers conserve their soil, water, and other natural resources.

Natural sources Conservation organization Plant Materials facility (NRCS PMC)The Plant material Centers and Specialists carry out essential and effective plant options for an essential habitats, ecological concerns, and management practices. They aid the parks in farming plant products to maintain the genetic gene pool in the details park ecosystem.

NegotiationsExchanges, in one of two people a competitive or sole source environment, between the Government and also offerors, that space undertaken with the will of allowing the offeror to review its proposal. (FAR 15.306(d))

NEPA - National ecological Policy plot of 1969

Net construction CostThe Net building Cost for a task includes:

Direct building and construction Costs - the estimated expense of all labor, equipment and materials forced for building of the proposed job (the bricks and also mortar).Mark-ups which include:Location FactorDesign Contingency: This relates come the accuracy that the an interpretation of limit of work. Early on in to plan (Class C) this markup is typically 30% come 15%. This amount have to disappear after preparation of building and construction documents (Class A).General Conditions: everything the construction contractor is forced by contract to carry out or perform in excess and also in stimulate to carry out contracted work, usually uncovered in the boilerplate and department 1 of building and construction specifications (e.g.., submittals, permits, mobilization /demobilization, building facilities, surveying, etc.).Overhead and Profit

New Area StudySee Special source Study.

NGO - Non-Governmental Organization

NHL - National historical Landmark

NHPA - National historical Preservation Act

NLC - National leadership Council

NMFS - National marine Fisheries Service

Noise LevelThe sound level acquired through the use of A-weighting according to ANSI typical 1.4. The unit of measure up is the decibel (dB), generally referred to as DBA as soon as A-weighting is used.

Non-Attainment AreaA geographic area in i m sorry the level that a criteria waiting pollutant is higher than th level enabled by the NAAQS.

Non-Destructive InvestigationA physical examination method which does no negatively affect a historical structure or its historical architectural elements. No demolition, even limited demolition, occurs as soon as this an approach is used; just readily-accessible aspects are examined.

Non-Governmental organization (NGO)A potential partner for parks, NGOs incorporate a wide array of citizens volunteer and non-profit groups, normally organized around an worry or set of issues.

Notice the AwardIn construction, a notification to the contractor of contract award the includes:

Identification that the invite for bids;Identification the the contractor"s bid;The compensation price;Advice come the contractor that any kind of required payment and also performance bonds must be promptly executed and also returned come the Contracting Officer;The day of commencement of work, or recommend that a an alert to proceed will it is in issued. (FAR 36.213-4)

Notice that TerminationA written notification to the contractor that the contract is gift terminated because that convenience or default. (FAR 49.102(a))

Notice to proceed (NTP)A written notice from the government to the contractor authorizing the job-related to continue on a stated date. NTP is the contractual start of the performance period.

Novation AgreementA legit instrument:

Executed by the:Contractor (transferor),Successor in attention (transferee), andGovernment;By which, amongst other things, the transferor guarantees performance the the contract, the transferee suspect all obligations under the contract, and also the federal government recognizes the carry of the contract and also related assets. (FAR 42.1201)

NPDES Permit - national Pollutant Discharge Elimination system Permit - nationwide Park Service availability InspectorThe human responsible because that conducting the final accessibility inspection before comprehensive completion. The access Inspector will be the Park, Region, DSC availability Coordinator or a standard designee. To qualify as an access inspector, the person needs to have attended a National facility on accessibility (NCA), or identical course top top physical accessibility within the last two years.

See more: What Is The Relationship Between Distance And Time : Equations And Relationship project Sustainability ChecklistDescribes sustainability goals, features and also requirements for building and non-building associated projects. Identifies details Federal requirements. Numerous Federal needs require specification adaptations, modeling, or various other deliverables with the design and construction process. One details Federal requirement in this checklist relates come the Federal requirement for commissioning. Depending upon the size and complexity the the project, commissioning activities may be compelled to it is in independent of the design and also construction firm and may be required to start as beforehand as the Predesign (PD) stage.