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ADVERBS

An adverb is a word provided to modify a verb, adjective, or one more adverb. One adverb typically modifies by informing how, when, where, why, under what conditions, or to what degree. One adverb is often formed by adding -ly to an adjective.

You are watching: Usually modifies a verb but can sometimes modify an adjective

Conjunctive adverbs type a separate category since they offer as both shortcut (they connect) and adverbs (they modify). Teams of words have the right to also function as adverb phrases or adverb clauses.

(In the examples below, the adverb is in bold and the modified native is underlined.)

1.An adverb have the right to modify a verb.

The girls ran quickly but happily through the puddle. (The adverbs quickly and happily modify the verb ran by informing how.)

Go to the management office first, and then come to class. (The adverb first modifies the verb go, and also the adverb then modifies the verb come. Both change the verb by telling when.)

They are moving her office upstairs. (The adverb upstairs modifies the verb moving by telling where.)

2.An adverb can modify one adjective. The adverb normally clarifies the degree or soot of the adjective.

Maria to be almost finished once they brought her one exceptionally very delicious dessert. (The adverb almost modifies the adjective finished and also exceptionally modifies delicious by relenten the degree or intensity of the adjectives.)

He to be very happy about being so good at together an extremely complicated sport. (The adverb very modifies the adjective happy, so modifies good, and also extremely modifies challenging by relenten the degree or soot of the adjectives.)

Students room often entertained and sometimes confused, yet never boring in the class. (The adverb often modifies the adjective entertained, sometimes modifies confused, and never modifies bored by explicate the degree or soot of the adjectives.)

3.An adverb have the right to modify an additional adverb. The editing adverb usually clarifies the degree or intensity of the adverb.

Eating her having lunch somewhat cautiously, Carolyn tried to disregard the commotion. (The adverb somewhat modifies the adverb cautiously by telling to what degree.)

Stan can comment on the English language very thoroughly. (The adverb very modifies the adverb thoroughly by informing to what degree.)

Even in the various other room, Vickilee to be never completely unaware that the crying kittens. (The adverb never ever modifies the adverb completely by informing to what degree.)

Additional notes on Adverbs

In addition to the rules that use to the use of adverbs, the following points further talk about their formation and also function.

Adverbs are frequently made by including -ly come an adjective.

adjective: slow adverb: slowlyadjective: deep adverb: deeplyadjective: fair adverb: fairly

ØHowever, not all native that end in -ly room adverbs!

nouns: family, homily, rally, lilyadjectives: friendly, worldly, lovely, sly

Some common adverbs perform not originate native adjectives.

veryquiteonlyso

Some adverb modify by it is negative a statement. These are referred to as negative adverbs.

hardlynevernonotscarcely

ØWhen using an adverse adverbs, be cautious to protect against a dual negative.

(Incorrect double negative)He can"t hardly understand the words of the speaker.

(Correct)He can hardly know the native of the speaker.

(See tip Sheet "Avoiding comprehensive Problems" about "limiters" for further information on an adverse adverbs.)

In order to form the compare or superlative forms of adverbs, add the finishing of -er or -est to certain adverbs of just one valuation (fast, faster, fastest). However, all adverb which finish in -ly and also most adverbs of more than one syllable kind the comparative and also superlative with the addition of more or most.

Todd cd driver faster 보다 I do, however I get there sooner and also more efficiently by acquisition a shorter route. Amy cd driver most slowly of every one of us.

Conjunctive Adverbs

Words that duty as adverb (telling how, when, where, why, under what conditions, or to what degree) and also which also function as conjunctions (joining grammatical parts) are dubbed conjunctive adverbs.

Conjunctive adverbs

accordingly finally similarly similarlyalso in addition meanwhile specificallyanyway hence moreover stillbesides yet nevertheless subsequentlycertainly incidentally next thenconsequently indeed nonetheless thereforeconversely rather otherwise thus

Conjunctive adverbs join and create transitions between independent clauses. A conjunctive adverb may begin a sentence and also is often followed by a comma. Once place between independent clauses, a conjunctive adverb is preceded by a semicolon and also is usually complied with by a comma.

Her husband is a rice farmer; consequently, this days he is liven from sunrise until nightfall. Nevertheless, he is still house every night to check out his sons a story.

Adverb Phrases and also Adverb Clauses

Sometimes teams of words duty together to type an adverb expression or adverb clause.

Adverb preposition phrase

The puppy is resting under my desk. (Under my desk is a prepositional phrase that functions as one adverb due to the fact that it modifies the verb sleeping by telling where.)

Adverb prototype phrase

To prevent the theft of her food, usage a locked room to keep your camp supplies.

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(To stop the theft of her food is an infinitive expression that features as one adverb due to the fact that it modifies the verb use by informing why.)

Adverb dependence clause

Marco departed before the storm arrived. (Before the storm arrived is a dependent i that modifies the verb departed by informing when.)