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Display InformationPrintable VersionOverview of civilization War I
Digital history ID 2919The associated Press ranked human being War I as the 8th most crucial event the the 20th century. In fact, practically everything that subsequently happened arisen because of civilization War I: the great Depression, civilization War II, the Holocaust, the Cold War, and the fallen of empires. No event far better underscores the utter unpredictability that the future. Europe hadn"t fought a significant war because that 100 years. A product the miscalculation, misunderstanding, and miscommunication, the dispute might have actually been escaped at plenty of points throughout the five weeks coming before the fighting. People War I destroyed four realms - German, Austro-Hungarian, Ottoman, and Romanov - and also touched off early american revolts in the center East and Vietnam. WWI wrong Americans" belief in reform and also moral crusades. WWI carried far-ranging consequences for the house front, consisting of prohibition, women"s suffrage, and a bitter controversy over civil liberties. Civilization War ns killed much more people (9 million combatants and 5 million civilians) and cost an ext money ($186 exchange rate in direct costs and another $151 billion in indirect costs) than any type of previous war in history. Prompted by the assassination that Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir come the throne the the Austro-Hungarian Empire, people War I began in august 1914 when Germany invaded Belgium and France. Several events led to U.S. Intervention: the sinking the the Lusitania, a brother passenger liner; unrestricted German submarine warfare; and the Zimmerman note, which revealed a German plot to provoke Mexico to war against the joined States. Countless American men were drafted, and also Congress developed a War sectors Board to name: coordinates production and also a nationwide War labor Board come unify labor policy. The treaty of Versailles deprived Germany the territory and forced that to pay reparations. Chairman Wilson agreed to the treaty since it detailed for the establishment of a organization of Nations, yet he was unable to persuade the Senate come ratify the treaty. Consequences: 1. Almost 10 million soldiers passed away and about 21 million were wounded. U.S. Deaths totaled 116,516. 2. Four realms collapsed: the Russian empire in 1917, the German and also the Austro-Hungarian in 1918, and the footrest in 1922. 3. Independent republics were formed in Austria, Czechoslovakia, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, and Turkey. 4. Most Arab floor that had actually been component of the Ottoman empire came under the regulate of Britain and France. 5. The Bolsheviks took strength in Russia in 1917, and fascists triumphed in Italy in 1922. 6. Other after-effects of the war consisted of the mass murder of Armenians in Turkey and an influenza epidemic that killed over 25 million world worldwide. 7.

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Under the peace settlement, Germany was compelled to pay reparations eventually collection at $33 billion; accept responsibility for the war; cede territory to Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, France, and also Poland; give up its abroad colonies; and accept an allied military force on the west bank of the Rhine flow for 15 years.