Nicaragua is the largest nation in main America and is slightly bigger in area than new York State.

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OFFICIAL NAME: Republic the Nicaragua kind OF GOVERNMENT: Republic CAPITAL: ManaguaPOPULATION: 6,085,213OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: Spanish, English, indigenous languages MONEY: gold cordobaAREA: 49,998 square mile (129,494 square kilometers)

Nicaragua is the largest country in main America and is contempt bigger in area than brand-new York State. The country is bordered by Honduras to the north and also Costa Rica to the south. The Pacific Ocean gives the border to the west, and also the eastern border that the nation is ~ above the Caribbean Sea.

Nicaragua has actually suffered tragedies due to hurricanes, earthquakes, and volcanic activity. Nicaraguans deserve to use the steam from the depths of the volcanoes as geothermal energy.

Most people live in the western Pacific lowland region between the Pacific coast and also Lake Managua. Follow me the east coast, the area referred to as the Mosquito shore receives the most yearly rainfall in central America: 100 to 250 customs (2,540 to 6,350 millimeters).

Map produced by National geographic Maps

The local world call us Nicas, but most outsiders refer the people as Nicaraguans.

Most human being are mestizos, or natives and also Spanish combined. The British brought black servants to Nicaragua to occupational on plantations in the 17th century. Countless Nicaraguans space descendants that the slaves.

Lake Managua is the just freshwater lake whereby sharks live. Bull sharks enter the lake by traveling up the Rio san Juan flow from the Atlantic Ocean. The sharks can adapt to new water, but they are now rarely uncovered in the lake.

Many exotic animals are found in Nicaragua, such together toucans, boa constrictors, monkeys, wild boars, jaguars, and sloths. Manatees and also sea turtles swim in the Cayos Miskitos organic Reserve in coral reefs off the remote islands the the Caribbean coast.

There room over 70 protected areas in the country, which assist preserve the habitats of numerous endangered species. The Bosawas Biosphere Reserves has a cloud forest that protects 12 type of poison snakes.

The greatest threats to the environment in Nicaragua space deforestation, floor erosion, and water pollution.

Daniel Ortega was chosen in 2006 as the chairman of Nicaragua. The president and also vice president are chosen on the very same ticket by famous vote because that a five-year term.

Nicaragua is the poorest nation in main America, and has prevalent underemployment and also poverty.

Their main crops are coffee, bananas, sugarcane, cotton, rice, corn, and sesame.

The earliest settlers were more than likely related come the Maya and also Aztec human being of Mexico. Among the largest groups of early human being was the Nicarao.

Spain ruled Nicaragua and also many nations in central and southern America throughout the 16th century until the beforehand 19th century.

Nicaragua got its self-reliance from Spain in 1821 and became component of the Mexican empire for numerous years. Climate it join a team of nearby countries v a central government in Guatemala City dubbed Provinces of central America. Nicaragua break-up from the team in 1838 and also became fully independent.

For the previous several decades, Nicaraguans have withstood unrest, dictatorship, and also two polite wars.

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