The Ohio State Limited was brand-new York Central"s premier, long-distance train serving brand-new York and Cincinnati. It joined the timetable during the 1920s and also eventually boasted all-streamlined status offering a selection of accommodations.
Unfortunately, the NYC walk not sell such a direct route together rival Pennsylvania between new York and also the Midwest. as a an outcome some that its trains were slower and the Ohio State struggled come compete versus PRR"s Cincinnati Limited, and also other trains it readily available on this corridor (such as flagship Spirit that St. Louis which got to the Gateway City).
The PRR and also NYC dealt with throughout the classic era that rail take trip offering contending trains come the same market, even when one carrier boasted a remarkable routing.
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Eventually, highways and also airlines got hold of so much sector share also the largest railroads prefer the main and Pennsy were forced to discontinue solutions when and wherever possible.
While the NYC never provided up on the Columbus market, until virtually the Penn main merger, the Ohio State Limited was finally discontinued a few months before the union in December of 1967. By then the Ohio State was offering only a couple of amenities.
While the new York central had its competitor beat in the liven Chicago-Detroit market, Pennsy readily available the fastest, and also most straight route between the long-distance brand-new York to St. Louis, consisting of Cincinnati.
The PRR provided the Spirit and also Cincinnati Limited abovementioned as well as the St. Louisan, Penn Texas, and also deluxe, all-coach Jeffersonian.
There was likewise competition indigenous the Baltimore & Ohio, which operated its own fine collection of optimal trains in this arena including the National Limited (originally new York - St. Louis), Cincinnatian (Washington - Cincinnati), Diplomat (New York - St. Louis) and Metropolitan Special (Washington - St. Louis) amongst others.
The B&O likewise boasted its own competitive through path to the Gateway City albeit that lacked straight entrance to brand-new York, which was always a liability because that the road.
New York Central"s "Great stole Fleet"
20th Century Limited: (New York - Chicago)
Cleveland Limited: (New York - Cleveland)
Commodore Vanderbilt: (New York - Chicago)
Detroiter: (New York - Detroit)
Empire State Express: (New York - Buffalo)
James Whitcomb Riley: (Chicago - Cincinnati)
Lake shore Limited: (New York - Cleveland - Chicago)
Mercury: (Detroit - Cleveland)
New England States: (Chicago - Cleveland - Boston)
Pacemaker: (New York - Cleveland - Chicago)
Southwestern Limited: (New York - St. Louis)
Twilight Limited: (Chicago - Detroit)
Wolverine: (Chicago - Detroit - brand-new York)
A history Of The new York Central
The new York main originally launched its Ohio State Limited on April 27, 1924 in straight competition to Pennsy"s Cincinnati Limited, initially inaugurated during May the 1920 yet had a history which might be traced ago to the so late 19th century.
The Ohio State was listed as trains #15 (westbound) and also #16 (eastbound) through a schedule requiring nearly 17 hrs to complete due to the fact that the NYC"s main line ran north to Albany, west come Buffalo, and also then southwest through Ohio towards Cincinnati and also eventually St. Louis.
In contrast, the PRR"s route was a straight shot across its residence state and through Ohio come Cinncy and St. Louie. as a result, its Cincinnati Limited ran a schedule nearly two hours shorter than its counterpart at roughly 15 hours.
The Ohio State Limited would certainly depart brand-new York"s Grand central Terminal during the so late afternoon hour roughly 4 PM and also arrive in Cincinnati the complying with morning just before 9 AM. the eastbound counterpart would leaving Union Terminal during mid-afternoon and also return to brand-new York in ~ 9 to be the next day.
From the outset the train was noted a bevy of peak accommodations including reclining seat coaches, Pullman sleepers, and also lounges. during the centralized age it fielded its very first lightweight car in 1941 together NYC functioned to reequip every one of its top trains through the sleek, plush accommodations noted from that era.
By 1949 the Ohio State was completely streamlined carrying equipment from both Pullman-Standard and also Budd. even though the NYC can never truly compete against the PRR in this market its services were nevertheless high class and also typical the its "Great stole Fleet."
(The below Ohio State Limited timetable is dated reliable April 9, 1944.)
|4:00 afternoon (Dp)||New York, NY (Grand main Terminal) (ET)||9:00 to be (Ar)|
|4:46 PM||Harmon, NY||8:02 AM|
|6:40 pm (Ar)||Albany, NY||5:45 am (Dp)|
|6:45 pm (Ar)||Albany, NY||5:45 to be (Dp)|
|7:12 PM||Schenectady, NY|
|9:20 PM||Syracuse, NY||3:12 AM|
|11:50 afternoon (Ar)||Buffalo, NY (Central Terminal)||12:34 to be (Dp)|
|11:59 pm (Dp)||Buffalo, NY (Central Terminal)||12:34 am (Ar)|
|Cleveland, oh (Union Terminal)||9:20 afternoon (Dp)|
|Cleveland, five (Union Terminal)||9:00 afternoon (Ar)|
|4:42 AM||Galion, OH||7:20 PM|
|5:53 AM||Columbus, OH||6:20 PM|
|6:50 AM||Springfield, OH||5:25 PM|
|7:30 AM||Dayton, OH||4:50 PM|
|7:56 AM||Middletown, OH||4:25 PM|
|8:45 am (Ar)||Cincinnati, oh (Union Terminal) (ET)||3:45 pm (Dp)|
One certain advertising piece for the train listed the following:
"The High in Ohio Travel. Overnight Vacation! Yes, it"s an overnight vacation when you take trip on the Ohio State Limited...the an option of Pullman hotel-rooms or separation, personal, instance coach seats...the luxurious lounge vehicle for relaxing...the famous new York central meals...
the lull of the Water Level Rote...the smoothness that diesel-electric power...these are simply some the the reasons why a trip on the Ohio State Limited is one overnight vacation.
Eastbound, this streamliner pipeline Cincinnati and also other Ohio urban late in the day. step off by business time
According to Geoffrey Doughty"s book, "New York Central"s good Steel Fleet: 1948-1967," the Ohio State consistently ran with mainly 10-roomette/6-double bedroom sleepers, of which the NYC owned a big fleet (more than any kind of other railroad) totaling much more than 100 manufactured by Budd and P-S.
During October of 1956 the train lost its observation and amenities were slowly lost from the time forward. In April of 1962 the Ohio State began utilizing brand-new sleeper-coach company but this did small to recovery ever-worsening ridership.
Prior come the ns of this cars in 1965 the train featured just a sleeper-coach, coaches, diner, and a single, with 10-6 sleeper. Just prior to NYC linked with Pennsy it began dropping surname or remove as numerous trains together it could. The Ohio State Limited lost its name in November the 1967 and made its final run only a month later of December 3rd.
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In 1998 a gentleman through the name of Andre Kristopans placed together a web page highlighting essentially every unit every out-shopped by basic Motors" Electro-Motive Division.
Alas, in 2013 the site closed. However, Don Strack rescued the data and also transferred it end to his UtahRails.net site (another well resource).
If you space researching anything EMD related please visit this page first. The information consists of original numbers, serials, and also order numbers.