Chondromalacia patella (knee pain) is the softening and malfunction of the organization (cartilage) on the underside that the kneecap (patella). Ache results when the knee and the thigh bone (femur) obstacle together. Dull, aching pain and/or a feeling of grinding as soon as the knee is flexed might occur. The many common method to treat symptom of chondromalacia patella is to rest the knee.

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Overview

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What is chondromalacia patella?

Chondromalacia patella (knee pain) is the softening and breakdown of the tissue (cartilage) ~ above the underside of the kneecap (patella). Pain results as soon as the knee and also the thigh bone (femur) obstacle together.

Who is at danger for chondromalacia patella?

People who space at hazard for occurring chondromalacia patella include:

Those who space overweightPeople that have had an injury, fracture, or dislocation related to the kneecapRunners, soccer players, bicyclists, and other human being who exercise oftenTeenagers and healthy young adults, more often females

Symptoms and Causes

What causes chondromalacia patella?

Chondromalacia patella often occurs once the undersurface of the kneecap come in contact with the thigh bone causing swelling and also pain. Abnormal knee lid positioning, tightness or weakness of the muscles associated with the knee, as well much activity involving the knee, and flat feet may increase the likelihood the chondromalacia patella.

What space the symptom of chondromalacia patella?

Dull, aching pain that is felt:

Behind the kneecap below the kneecapOn the sides of the kneecap

A emotion of grinding when the knee is flexed may occur. This deserve to happen:

Doing knee bendsGoing down stairsRunning under hillStanding up after sitting for awhile

Diagnosis and also Tests

How is chondromalacia patella diagnosed?

A physician will carry out a physical examination of the knee to determine the cause of pain. If the diagnosis is not clear or symptoms perform not boost a doctor might order among the following:

Blood test and/or a traditional knee X-ray - This may help to rule out some types of arthritis or inflammation.MRI scan- A test that shows details the the knee joint and can expose many instances of chondromalacia patella.Arthroscopy - A tiny, flexible camera is inserted into the knee to see specifically what the cartilage looks like.

Management and also Treatment

How is chondromalacia patella treated?

The most common method to treat symptoms of chondromalacia patella is to remainder the knee. Other ways to treat the symptoms include:

Placing that an ice or cold load to the area for 15-20 minutes, 4 times daily, for several days. Execute not apply ice directly to the skin. Plunder the ice cream or cold fill with a towel. Nonsteroid anti-inflammatory medicine (NSAIDs) because that pain relief—These include ibuprofen, naproxen, and aspirin. Topical pains medication— These incorporate creams or patches the are applied to the skin to help with soft tissue pain. Prescription pains relievers.

Other treatments or self-care include:

Changing the way you exerciseDoing exercises to both stretch and also strengthen the quadriceps and hamstring musclesLosing load (if you need to) Using distinct shoe inserts and support devicesTaping to realign the kneecap put on the ideal kind of sports or running shoes

Outlook / Prognosis

What is the prognosis (outlook) because that chondromalacia patella?

Individuals experiencing from knee pain brought about by chondromalacia patella frequently make a full recovery. Recovery can be as quick as a month or take years, relying on the case. Plenty of long-term recoveries occur in adolescents because their bones are still growing. Symptoms have tendency to disappear as soon as adulthood is reached.

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Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit scholastic medical center. Advertising on our website helps assistance our mission. We execute not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services.Policy


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