What"s in a name? as soon as it comes to some countries, a lot. Check out the three nations with the longest surname in the world, and get prepared to clear part extra room in her passport for a expedition to Africa, the central Pacific, or just across the pond to our list"s number one.

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The autonomous Republic the São Tomé and also Principe

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With the third longest official country name in the world, the democratic Republic the São Tomé and Principe practically has much more name than country. The is comprised of two key islands — São Tomé and Principe — in addition to a couple of tiny islets because that a total of 386 square miles, landing it in the optimal 25 smallest countries.

The nation is located off the coast of main Africa in the Gulf that Guinea, wherein the Portuguese conquered the previously uninhabited archipelago in the 15th century. "São Tomé" was called in respect of Saint Thomas, and "Principe," meaning "prince," was named for the king"s son, the Prince that Portugal. The "Democratic Republic" component of the nation"s name didn"t come until centuries later, as soon as the islands lastly gained their self-reliance in 1975.

Today, the country of São Tomé and also Principe is well-known for the rainforests, beaches, and also volcanic mountains, though there has been no volcanic activity anywhere top top the islands because that centuries. If the vast bulk of the residents live on São Tomé, Principe — through its only 8,400 inhabitants — is an especially popular destination for travellers seeking untouched nature.

The country also has a distinct blend the Portuguese legacy and central African culture, the last of which deserve to still be seen in the capital city"s architecture. Another far-ranging piece that the nation"s background can be watched in the plantations, or roças, that stay from the height of the islands" profession in coffee and cacao. Few of the roças were once an ext like villages than solitary farms. They also had their own hospitals and also churches, which have the right to still be perceived by tourists today.

In a nod come Portugal"s staying ties with the country, you have the right to reach the islands on a straight flight indigenous Lisbon, or you can fly indigenous closer stops on the African shore in Gabon and also Angola. But you obtain there, you"ll be treated to some of the world"s ideal coffee beans, culture, and also classic island hospitality.


The Independent and also Sovereign Republic of Kiribati

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Next ~ above our perform is another little island nation — and a country you"ve most likely never heard of — formally well-known as the Independent and Sovereign Republic the Kiribati. Commonly called just Kiribati, the country has one an ext letter in its main name, and about 50 fewer square mile on its islands, than São Tomé and also Principe. The is virtually exactly ~ above the opposite side of the civilization from the afri nation.

Kiribati is made up of 33 islands, all located somewhat centrally between Australia and also the U.S. Hawaiian Islands. Just 20 of the nation"s islands are inhabited, and the archipelago themselves are separated into three groups: the Gilbert Islands, the Phoenix Islands, and also the line Islands. The vast bulk of the country"s populace lives on the Gilberts, and the native "Kiribati" — express "Ki-ri-bas" — is, in fact, the neighborhood word because that Gilberts.

The country has been recognized by its official name, the Independent and also Sovereign Republic of Kiribati, because it obtained independence from an excellent Britain in 1979. Prior to that date, the archipelago were part of miscellaneous groupings through other adjacent islands. This has actually been true because the region"s earliest settlement a few millenia ago by islanders from other parts of Micronesia and also southeast Asia. Positioned as the is along the equator and also on the International day Line, Kiribati has the unique distinction of having actually land in all 4 hemispheres.

The country of Kiribati is an the end lover"s paradise, with every little thing from diving and also snorkeling come bird city hall and soaking up the sunset — or sunrise — on white sand beaches. That is additionally a an excellent destination for history buffs, together the islands were inhabited by the Japanese just two days prior to the strike on Pearl harbor during civilization War II. Today, you have the right to still see relics of the occupation and the assorted battles that were combated on the islands, specifically on Tarawa, the capital of Kiribati.


The united kingdom of great Britain and also Northern Ireland

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It offered to be said that, "The sun never sets on the brother Empire." though imperialism might be waning, the previous empire"s name is not. It"s simple to assume that names like Britain, the UK, England, and great Britain are all synonymous, but the fact of the british Isles" nomenclature is a little more complex than you might think.

The UK is brief for the united Kingdom, which, together you likely have guessed, is brief for the nation"s official name that the uk of good Britain and also Northern England. The "Great Britain" in the name describes the whole island on i beg your pardon the countries of England, Wales, and Scotland are located. Those three countries, in addition to Northern Ireland, room the four nations that consist of the can be fried state the the joined Kingdom.

Northern Ireland shares a neighboring island with the elevation Republic that Ireland, which chin is not a component of the UK. The island is, however, a part of the archipelago recognized as the brother Isles, that which an excellent Britain is by much the largest. It is easiest, then, come think of great Britain and the brother Isles together purely geographical names, while the UK and also Ireland space the two sovereign politics entities found there.

Adding further confusion come the mix is the reality that England is by far the many populous of the four nations in the joined Kingdom, and its funding city that London is also the funding of the whole UK. This often reasons England incorrectly to be taken into consideration its own sovereign nation. In fact, the is more akin to a state like new York in ~ the sovereign joined States.

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Got every that? The good news is that every little thing you call it, you"re in for beautiful and also bucolic countrysides, a social heritage ranging from a real-life Braveheart to the Beatles, and some truly outstanding cups that tea.