This is lesson 4 of 4 in the critical Words sermonlink series. See additionally the kids edition the this lesson.

You are watching: Last word in the old testament

Anyone’s last words are important, however the last words the Jesus obviously lug some unique significance. Just prior to he breathed his last breath, Jesus uttered the expression “it is finished.”


Jesus knew the his mission was currently finished, and to accomplish Scripture the said, “I am thirsty.” A jar of tart wine was sitting there, therefore they soaked a sponge in it, placed it top top a hyssop branch, and held it as much as his lips. As soon as Jesus had actually tasted it, he said, “It is finished!” then he bowed his head and also gave increase his spirit.

John 19:28-30

That expression is in reality the translation of one word, “tetelestai,” in the initial language that the Bible. And this rich and carefully preferred word is complete of an effective meaning. Let’s check out some that the facets the this indigenous significance.

Tetelestai – The Sacrifice Is Accomplished

Every Jewish human there would have actually instantly recognized this word together the identical of a Hebrew phrase that was used in the Old testament sacrificial system. Each year, ~ above the Jewish holiday dubbed The day of Atonement, the High priest would get in into the temple and make a special sacrifice because that the sins of the civilization of Israel. As quickly as the priest had actually killed the animal, that would emerge from the ar of sacrifice and declare come the waiting crowd “it is finished” in Hebrew. In this sacrifice, every the guilty of Israel were symbolically put on the lamb the was killed and also punished in their place. However the scriptures teaches that this sacrificial device was never really finish or finished because the sacrifice of the lamb was imperfect and also temporary. But when Jesus passed away on the cross, he ended up being the perfect and also final sacrifice for all sin. The book of Hebrews defines how Jesus was the ultimate Lamb of God and also by his sacrifice, the work-related of forgiveness was finally complete.

He did not enter by method of the blood that goats and calves; however he entered the Most holy Place as soon as for every by his own blood, having acquired eternal redemption…But currently he has appeared once for all at the finish of the ages to perform away through sin by the sacrifice of himself

Hebrews 9:12, 26

So by saying “it is finished” Jesus was signaling to the Jewish human being that there to be no an ext need because that sacrifices or temples due to the fact that that his work carried ultimate fulfillment come what your sacrificial system foreshadowed.

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Tetelestai – The work Is Complete

In new Testament times, as soon as an employee had actually completed a day’s job-related or perfect a project, he would tell his ceo “tetelestai.” This to be to signal that everything it was the he was assigned to execute was currently completed. Similarly, once an artist would complete a item of art, that would have actually a moment of unveiling where he would declare “tetelestai.” This too was to signal that his masterpiece was complete. No more touch-ups or adjustments space necessary, the occupational is done. When Jesus involved this world, the told united state what his job was: to provide salvation to a lost and broken world.

For the boy of Man came to seek and also save those who space lost.

Luke 19:10

So in his last words, Jesus was interacting that the occupational he come for was accomplished. The task of earning the salvation of the people was perfect in his occupational on the cross. No much more additions or adjustments were essential – salvation was completed.

<Related: Why go Jesus need to Die top top the Cross?>

Tetelestai – The debt Is paid in Full

Maybe the most common use of “tetelestai” in Jesus’ day remained in debt collecting. As soon as a person lastly paid turn off a loan they to be issued a receipt that was stamped with the word “tetelestai” which meant that their blame was currently paid in full. This was verification that they to be no much longer responsible for any kind of of that debt, that every little thing they owed was completely and permanently paid for. The bible says the our sin produced a debt to God, and one the we could never pay earlier on our own. However when Jesus died, he was paying off our blame of sin once and for all. Again, the book of Hebrews explains the finality that Jesus’ payment for our sin.

But our High Priest readily available himself to God together a solitary sacrifice because that sins, an excellent for all time. Then he sat down in the location of honor at God’s best hand…And once sins have actually been forgiven, there is no have to offer any much more sacrifices.

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Hebrews 10:12-13, 18

<Related: Atonement>

It Is Finished

All of this nuances the tetelestai converge together to communicate a beautiful reality – the Jesus completed the work of salvation once and for all. That way it is no up to united state to add anything, complete anything, finalize anything as soon as it pertains to our salvation – Jesus did it all. So now, once we have actually put our trust in the finished job-related of Jesus, we can rest in trust of our salvation and also pursue God with our whole hearts.