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Chapter 9 – essential Compounds of Oxygen

Opening Essay

9.1 arrival to Compounds that Contain Oxygen

9.2 Alcohols and Phenols

Classification the AlcoholsProperties that AlcoholsGlycolsPhenols

9.3 Ethers

Properties the Ethers

9.4 Aldehydes and Ketones

Properties of Aldehydes and also KetonesAldehydesKetonesBoiling Points and also SolubilityAldehydes and also Ketones in Nature

9.5 Carboxylic Acids and also Esters

Properties of Carboxylic Acids and also EstersCarboxylic AcidsEstersBoiling Points, melt Points and SolubilityCommonly supplied Carboxylic Acids and also Esters

9.6 reactions of Oxygen-Containing Compounds

AlcoholsDehydration (Elimination) ReactionsOxidation ReactionsAldehydes and also KetonesOxidation ReactionsReduction ReactionsAddition Reactions through Alcohols (Hemiacetals and Hemiketals)Reactions that type Acetals or KetalsCarboxylic Acids
The mountain of Carboxylic AcidsCarboxylic Acids and also the development of SaltsFormation of Esters from Carboxylic Acids and also AlcoholsHydrolysis that Esters

9.7 chapter Summary

9.8 References

Opening Essay


Photo By: A. Savin

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9.1 arrival to Compounds that Contain Oxygen

In this thing you will be introduced to the significant organic functional groups that save on computer oxygen. This consists of alcohols, phenols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, and esters. Number 9.1 offers the basic organic functional teams for these compounds and also the IUPAC suffix the is provided to surname these compounds. When you will certainly not have to formally name finish structures, you should be able to identify useful groups had within compounds based upon their IUPAC names. Because that example, an alcohol is an essential compound with a hydroxyl (-OH) functional team on one aliphatic carbon atom. Due to the fact that -OH is the functional group of all alcohols, we regularly represent alcohols through the basic formula ROH, whereby R is one alkyl group. The IUPAC nomenclature guidelines usage the suffix ‘-ol’ to denote simple compounds that contain alcohols. An instance is ethanol (CH3CH2OH).

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Figure 9.1 common Organic Functional groups that contain Oxygen. The IUPAC suffixes used in naming basic organic molecules are noted in the chart

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9.2 Alcohols and also Phenols

Classification the Alcohols

Some of the properties and reactivity the alcohols count on the variety of carbon atom attached come the details carbon atom the is attached come the -OH group. Alcohols can be grouped right into three great on this basis.

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Properties that Alcohols

Alcohols can be thought about derivatives of water (H2O; also written as HOH).

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