during the Butterflies an introduction In during the Butterflies, Dedé, the last surviving Mirabal sister, frames the story of just how her sisters became heroes in the Dominican Republic during the dictatorial power of Rafael Trujillo.

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Mate and Minerva Mirabal discover of Trujillo’s brutality and join the resistance movement to fall him. Mate and Minerva marry revolutionaries. Patria joins the movement after witnessing a massacre.Mate, Minerva, and Patria take trip to a jail where two of their husbands have actually been detained. They room brutally murdered ~ above the means back from the prison.Today, the Mirabal sister are known as “the butterflies.”
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critical Updated on may 21, 2020, through gimpppa.org Editorial. Indigenous Count: 1404

Based on true events, In the time of the Butterflies by Julia Alvarez centers about the lives of the Mirabal sisters throughout Rafael’s Trujillo’s dictatorship in the Dominican Republic. Each chapter of the novel is report from the view of one of the four sisters—Dedé, Patria, Minerva, and María Teresa....

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Based top top true events, In the time of the Butterflies by Julia Alvarez centers approximately the resides of the Mirabal sisters during Rafael’s Trujillo’s dictatorship in the Dominican Republic. Every chapter of the novel is narrated from the view of among the four sisters—Dedé, Patria, Minerva, and also María Teresa. If Dedé’s chapters are mainly told in the third person, the various other three sisters’ chapters usage first-person narration.

Part 1

The first chapter introduce Dedé, the single surviving sister that the Mirabal girls. In the current (1994), Dedé shows a portrait the her family members from her youth come a woman that is interviewing her around her family’s history. After ~ Dedé mirrors upon storage of her childhood, the story move to Minerva’s perspective.

During adolescence, Minerva and also her sisters Patria to visit a convent school, Inmaculada Concepción; your younger sister María Teresa likewise attends the school later on. Shortly after arriving, Minerva i do not care friends with another young student called Sinita, who shares that all of the guys in her household were eliminated by Trujillo’s regime. Minerva therefore becomes aware of Trujillo’s ethically dubious increase to power. A few years later, Minerva and several various other students from the convent do a skit for Trujillo himself.

Meanwhile, María Teresa (“Mate”)—the youngest that the Mirabal sisters—observes Minerva’s significantly antagonistic views in the direction of Trujillo, i beg your pardon she documents in a collection of excerpts from her diary. Patria, the eldest and also most religious of the four sisters and also the following narrator, leaves the convent after she becomes romantically affiliated with Pedrito González; lock marry three days prior to her ten birthday, and also Patria soon provides birth come a son, Nelson, complied with by a daughter, Noris, 2 years later. Once her third baby is stillborn, however, she starts to inquiry her faith in God.

Part 2

Dedé tells the interviewer about Virgilio Morales (“Lío”), a close girlfriend of the Mirabal sisters who goes into exile after the newspapers expose him together a prominent member of a Communist organization. Minerva, that becomes especially close to Lío, discovers that her father has actually been hiding Lío’s letters to her, and a rift develops in Minerva’s connection with her father.

Further on, Minerva and her family attend a discovery Day party at among Trujillo’s mansions. While there, Minerva meets Trujillo and is required to dance through him. She mentions she plans to go to legislation school, come which he replies that females don’t belong at universities. Shortly after, he provides inappropriate developments toward Minerva, and also she slaps him. Fortunately, she manages to escape v her family; however, because leaving a gathering prior to Trujillo—now described as “El Jefe”—is against the law, your father, Don Enrique, is carried to the palace for questioning the adhering to day.

Minerva and her mother, Mercedes, journey to the capital, where Minerva is likewise taken in for questioning. In ~ the national Police Headquarters, she meets Trujillo’s right-hand man, who asks her around Lío. Minerva admits the she knows him. After 3 weeks, Enrique, Mercedes, and also Minerva are taken to satisfy with Trujillo; luckily, he releases them.

María Teresa, who is now eighteen, writes in her diary just before Christmas in 1953 that Enrique has actually passed away. Numerous weeks ~ the funeral, Minerva returns to legislation school in Jarabacoa, wherein she drops in love with and marries a man named Manolo. After ~ Mate graduates indigenous the convent, she decides to relocate to Jarabacoa to attend the university as well. Minerva offers birth come her first child, Minou, and graduates from law school, but she soon learns that, despite Trujillo enabled her to go to regulation school, he has actually forbidden she from practicing law.

Later, if living v Minerva and Manolo, Mate obtain a package from a guy named “Palomino.” She opens up it to uncover guns inside and realizes the they are component of an underground rebellion to fall Trujillo’s regime. She conveniently falls in love through Palomino—whose real name is Leandro—and they marry on February 14, 1958.

In 1959, Patria, life in Ojo de Agua, all of sudden becomes pregnant with her 4th child. Together El Jefe’s routine grows stronger, she grows pertained to for the safety of she teenage son, Nelson, and also decides to send him to a seminary. Later, when Patria is attending a religious retreat, El Jefe’s pressures invade the area, bombing the church and killing forty-nine men and boys in the surrounding area. This disaster invigorates Patria to join the revolution, and also consequently, the underground company grows right into the Fourteenth of June Movement. As component 2 of the novel concludes, the team prepares because that a revolution against El Jefe’s regime.

Part 3

In the present, Minou hesitantly asks Dedé why she never ever went v her sisters on the day they died. She admits that because her husband, Jaimito, refused to get connected in the Fourteenth the June Movement, she feel obligated to obey him. She recalls the night as soon as the Servicio de Inteligencia Militar (SIM) guards damaged into María Teresa and also Leandro’s apartment come arrest Leandro, as well as the exploration the next day that the police had likewise arrested Pedrito, Nelson, and also Manolo. Not long after, Minerva’s home was ransacked, and also she as well was arrested, adhered to by Mate.

Patria mirrors upon she grief during the three months following the arrests that her family members. Later, her half-sister, Margarita, delivers her a letter native Mate, informing Patria the she and Minerva are alive yet confined in a cell in La Victoria. While they space in prison, Padre Gabriel publicly speak out against Trujillo, and the program wages war versus the Catholic Church with raising aggression. Patria learns native Captain Peña, a sim member, that Nelson has actually been pardoned by El Jefe, in addition to most the the various other minors who have actually been imprisoned. At the time of Nelson’s release, Patria becomes cognizant of her family’s fame.

María Teresa, in excerpts from she diary, describes living in a tiny cell through sixteen various other female prisoners. When Mate frequently experiences breakdowns and also asthma as a result of the prison environment, Minerva is one openly rebellious prisoner that staunchly proponents for the masculine political detainees as well. In respectable 1960, Captain Peña commutes Minerva and María Teresa’s five-year prison sentences to residence arrest.

During your time in home arrest, the sister navigate Trujillo’s boosted erraticism in the face of global criticism, including uprisings and also nightly killings of male prisoners. Minerva expresses she desire to go back to her former life, and although the sisters have actually now come to be icons of the revolution—referred to as “the butterflies”—she admits the her morale has actually been depleted. Meanwhile, hazards from Trujillo toward the Mirabal sister escalate, and also they room warned not to go the end in public.

On November 25, 1960, Minerva, María Teresa, and Patria space taken by your driver, Rufino, come visit their husbands in prison at Puerto Plata, wherein the men have actually been transferred. While driving over a steep mountain pass, they conference a storm. Top top the method back, the sisters encounter numerous obstacles but ultimately decision to drive residence in the dark.


Dedé relates the occasions of the night she sisters passed away in the very first person. Throughout the trial, the is revealed that they, along with Rufino, were brutally murdered through a group of 5 men. The guys ambushed castle on the road and murdered them, then propelled the car—with the dead body inside—off of a cliff. In the years following, the murderers were imprisoned and released, Trujillo to be assassinated, and Pedrito, Manolo, and Leandro were ultimately released from prison. 3 years after ~ the deaths of the Mirabal sisters, Manolo and also other rebels were eliminated by generals, while Pedrito and Leandro stepped far from politics and also remarried.

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Dedé explains that both she and her mom raised her sister’s children, till Mercedes’s death in 1980. After showing upon the profound losses she has suffered end these years, Dedé attends an honorary event, whereby she runs right into Lío. Once they converse, Lío point out out how her sisters led the course for rebuilding the Dominican Republic to it is in a prosperous, progressive, and complimentary nation in the years after Trujillo’s dictatorship. In illustrating the lingering soul of her parents and also sisters, Dedé realizes her own power in delivering on she family’s legacy.