Introduction

The perfect tense, likewise called existing perfect (Perfekt), is a past tense. We use it come speak about actions perfect in the recent past. In spoken German, the existing perfect it s too dirty is frequently used rather of the previous tense. We can translate the perfect tense making use of the English simple past tense.

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Gestern hat Michael sein Büro aufgeräumt.

Er hat sich vorgenommen, jetzt immer therefore ordentlich zu sein. Aber bis nächste Woche hat er das bestimmt wieder vergessen.


Usage

We use the German perfect tense to express:

a completed action in the previous with the focus on the an outcome of the action.Example:Gestern hat Michael sein Büro aufgeräumt.Yesterday Michael cleaned his office.

Result: the office is clean now

Er hat sich vorgenommen, jetzt immer therefore ordentlich zu sein.He has chose to always be this organised now.

Result: that doesn’t desire to be so disorganised anymore

an action that will be completed by a specific point in the future.Example:Bis nächste Woche hat er das bestimmt wieder vergessen.By following week he’ll surely have actually forgotten this again.

The suggest in the future have to be specifically designated, otherwise we use the future perfect.


Conjugation of German verb in Perfect Tense

To conjugate verbs in the perfect it s too dirty we need the existing tense type of sein/haben and the past participle (Partizip II).


Personsein haben
1st person singular (ich)ich bingegangenich habegelesen
2nd human being singular (du)du bistdu hast
3rd person singular (er/sie/es/man)er ister hat
1st human plural (wir)wir sindwir haben
2nd human plural (ihr)ihr seidihr habt
3rd human plural/polite type (sie/Sie)sie sindsie haben

When to use Haben or Sein

The verbs haben and also sein are used as auxiliary or helping verbs in the current perfect. Occasionally it can be complicated to know which verb to use. Luckily, there are a couple of rules because that the intake of haben and sein in the German present perfect tense.

We usage haben come conjugate the current perfect with:

verbs the take an accusation objectExample:Michael hat das Büro aufgeräumt.etwas aufräumen: to tidy somethingMichael has actually tidied the officeverbs without an accusation object the don’t to express a adjust of state or placeExample:Er cap aufgeräumt.aufräumen: to tidy upHe has actually tidied up.reflexive verbsExample:Das Büro hat sich verändert.sich verändern: come changeThe office has changed.

We usage sein come conjugate the present perfect with:

verbs of motion that don’t take it an accusation object: gehen, laufen, fahren, fallen, fliegen, kommen, reisen, stolpern, stürzenExample:Alle Kollegen sind in sein Büro gekommen.All his colleagues have come right into his office.verbs the express a readjust of state: aufwachen/erwachen, einschlafen, gefrieren, tauen, sterbn, zerfallenExample:Michaels Ordungsliebe ist erwacht.Michael’s tidiness has been awoken.the adhering to verbs: bleiben, geschehen, gelingen, misslingen, sein, werdenExample:Was ist mit Michael geschehen?What has happened to Michael?

Past Participle

The past participle (Partizip II) is developed in the following ways:

Regular Verbs also known together weak verb (schwache Verben) form the past participle v ge…t and the verb stem.

Example:lernen – gelernt

Irregular verbs are verbs that readjust their verb stem in simlpe previous and/or the participle type (see perform of rarely often, rarely verb). There are two kinds of irregular verbs in German grammar: solid verbs (starke Verben) and mixed verb (gemischte Verben).

Strong Verbs kind the past particple with mit ge…en.Example:sehen – gesehen (sehen-sah-gesehen)gehen – gegangen (gehen-ging-gegangen)Mixed Verbs type the past participle v ge…t.Example:haben – gehabt (haben-hatte-gehabt)bringen – gebracht (bringen-brachte-gebracht)

Exceptions

We include an -et to weak/mixed verbs when the indigenous stem ends in d/t.Example:warten – gewartetto wait – waitedVerbs that end in -ieren kind their past participle there is no ge.Example:studieren – studiertto study – studied

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Present Perfect - Exercises


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Perfekt - Zusatzübungen

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Perfekt – Partizip, schwache Verben (1)A1Perfekt – Partizip, schwache Verben (2)A1Perfekt – Partizip, schwache Verben (3)A1Perfekt – haben + schwache VerbenA1Perfekt – haben + schwache Verben (trennbar/nicht trennbar)A2Perfekt – haben + Verben auf -ierenA1Perfekt – schwache Verben (alles)A2Perfekt – Partizip, starke Verben (1)A1Perfekt – Partizip, starke Verben (2)A1Perfekt – starke und gemischte Verben 1A2Perfekt – starke und gemischte Verben 2A2Perfekt – Bildung mit seinA2Perfekt – haben/sein (1)A1Perfekt – haben/sein (2)A2Perfekt – haben/sein (3)A2Perfekt – haben/sein (4)A2Perfekt – Bildung mit haben/sein, schwache Verben (1)A1Perfekt – Bildung mit haben/sein, schwache Verben (2)A2Perfekt – Bildung mit haben/sein, starke/gemischte VerbenA2Perfekt – Bildung mit haben/sein, alles (1)A1Perfekt – Bildung mit haben/sein, alles (2)A2Perfekt – Bildung mit haben/sein, alles (3)A2Perfekt – Verwendung, abgeschlossene Handlungen (Gegenwart)A2Perfekt – Verwendung, abgeschlossene Handlungen (Zukunft)A2