Corn line – Pantherophis guttatus (Elaphe guttata)
Corn snakes are among the most famous of every pet snakes and for an excellent reason. Their incredibly variable and gorgeous colors and also patterns, lull of care and breeding, and generally docile dispositions have actually earned corn snakes your rightful, premier ar in herpetoculture. The dimension of maturation corn snake is simply right: large and hardy enough to accept continuous handling, yet not huge enough come intimidate a novice or child. Easy to breed and care for v an endless range of hereditary traits, corn snakes offer something for the newest snakekeeper, however they also challenge those v years that experience.
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Corn line Availability
Corn snakes room readily easily accessible at pet shops, reptile expos, virtual reptile shops and directly native breeders. Although wild-caught specimens usually adapt together pets, captive-bred corn line are highly recommended since of the beautiful color and pattern form available; the higher likelihood of gaining a healthy, parasite-free snake; and also the details about age, background and parentage that might accompany them.
Photo Credit: bill Love
Blood red corn snake.
Corn snakes hatch at 8 come 12 inches long, and also most ultimately reach 4 to 5.5 feet in length.
Corn snake Life Span
With appropriate care, a corn snake can live in ~ least right into its latter teens, and also it may well live right into its 20s. Lock are frequently reproductive till 10 to 12 year of age and sometimes longer.
Corn line Caging
Baby corn snake can conveniently live in a plastic vivarium the dimension of a big shoebox because that the very first several months of their lives. Adult corn snakes require a cage at the very least the size of a 20-gallon long reptile terrarium, yet bigger is also better. Snakes space not society animals, therefore cagemates are rather stressful. Home only one corn line to a cage. All snakes space escape artists, therefore make certain the cage is absolutely escape proof. Line habitat assets like climb branches may be appreciated, yet a couple of dark, chop reptile hides are vital to aid the snake feeling secure.
Corn line Lighting and Temperature
No one-of-a-kind lighting is required, but natural light from nearby windows will assist your corn snake adjust its day and night cycles, and its seasonal cycles. Be careful to avoid direct sunlight shining into the cage, or the temperatures might quickly come to be lethal.
Provide a temperature gradient v a light, or undertank warm pad or cable. Top top the warm finish 85 degrees Fahrenheit is perfect, and also room temperatures (low 70s) are fine for the cool end. One long, skinny hide, such as a hole log or PVC pipe, can be inserted so one finish of the hide is cool and also one finish is warm. Be sure to inspect the temperature inside the warm finish of the hide — not on the glass. Temperatures have the right to vary quite a little within just a few inches, therefore thermometer and also hide box placement is important.
Misting the enclosure often reasons fungus and mold. If the corn snake sheds the skin in pieces, boost humidity inside the hide crate by including a clump of wet moss or paper towel at any time the line prepares to shed. Remove this wet filler in in between sheds to stop buildup that bacteria, mold, etc.
Corn snake Substrate
Most breeders use aspen shavings as bedding due to the fact that it is absorbent, soft and holds the shape as soon as snakes burrow. Cypress mulch additionally works, yet avoid fragrant woods such together pine or cedar. Newspaper and reptile carpet additionally suffice, but the corn snake has tendency to acquire under that whenever possible. Avoid sand since it may cause impactions if ingested.
Corn snake Food
The primary natural food that corn snake is accordingly sized rodents. Some baby corn snakes also eat lizards or an sometimes frog. Adult corn snakes may eat bird or your eggs. Perform not offer crickets since corn snake don’t recognize them together food.
Hatchlings typically eat newborn mice. Boost to a jumbo mouse for a huge adult corn snake. Many corn snakes find out to eat previously frozen, but fully thawed out, mice. Be prepared to offer a live newborn mouse to infant corn snakes emphasize by a new home or not used to thawed mouse yet. It typically won’t take numerous times come train them to take thawed mice. Placing her corn snake and a thawed computer mouse in an empty container v a couple of air holes and also closing the lid will help the snake concentrate on the food, and encourage it come eat. Be certain the lid is ~ above tightly, and don’t put it close to a warmth source, or you risk overheating the snake. Cut made right into the skin of a thawed mouse ensure quicker and more complete digestion. Feed baby corn snakes as soon as every five to seven days, and feed adult corn snakes once every 7 to 10 days.
Photo Credit: bill Love
Okeetee corn snake.
Corn line Water
Fresh water should constantly be obtainable in a shallow, heavy reptile water bowl. Clean out the bowl every couple of days or sooner if that is soiled. Location the key in a cage corner so it have the right to be easily discovered as the line cruises the cage perimeter at night.
Corn line Handling and Temperament
Hatchling corn snake are normally nervous and defensive. Fearless babies to be eaten conveniently long ago and never passed their gene onto future generations. Although it is typical for infant corn snakes come flee, hide or protect themselves, the is likewise true that they have actually no real capacity to injury you. A white computer mouse or a cat that plays too approximately with the owner have the right to do far much more damage than also the largest corn snake.
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It is vital to give a new corn snake a few weeks come settle right into its new home and also into a regular feeding routine before stressing it v unnecessary handling. After three or 4 successful meals, start taking care of your corn snake for brief periods, except for the an initial two to three days after ~ a meal. Be sure to strategy the corn snake from the side quite than the peak like a predator would do. Lift it increase gently however with confidence. Apprehension scares the corn snake, and makes it likely to hide or bite. If needed, usage lightweight noodle gloves come bolster confidence for as long as needed. As soon as the corn snake starts to realize the you space not going come eat it, and also that it requirements to calm down to reclaim the security of its quiet cage, it will normally tame quickly and become really used to handling.