Mushrooms flourish in one amazing range all roughly the world. Some are edible, countless are poisonous.

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The usual white mushroom is acquired from a herbal mutation found by a Pennsylvannia farmer in 1926.

How lot does a mushroom weigh?

Common White/Crimini (brown-Italian)Enoki MushroomShiitake/Pyogo – DriedShiitake/Pyogo – RawMorel MushroomsOyster MushroomsPortabella Mushrooms
1 cuppieces/slices70g2.5oz
1 cupwhole90g3.4oz

팽이버섯Enoki mushrooms have actually fragile, flower-like long, slender stems and also tiny caps, and also grow in small clusters. They have actually a mild, light flavor v a slight crunch.Enokis last for as much as 14 days. Store refrigerated in paper bags.Before using, trim roots at cluster base. Separate stems before serving.

Cup, SlicedAverage65g2.3oz
Cup, WholeAverage64g2.2oz

Dried Shiitakes deserve to last for up to one year.

Rinse well, climate soak in warm water for at the very least 30 minutes. The soaking water deserve to be strained and also used to add flavor come a stock.

Before using tear off and discard difficult woody stem. Discarded stems deserve to be supplied to smell stocks.

Substitutes: crimini mushroom OR enoki mushrooms OR straw mushrooms OR chanterelles OR porcini mushroom OR white mushrooms OR oyster mushrooms


표고버섯The Shiitake is a huge and meaty mushroom that functions well in stir-fries, soups, and side dishes, or together a meat substitute.Shiitakes variety in color from tan to dark brown through broad, umbrella-shaped caps, wide open veils and also tan gills. Shiitake caps have actually a soft, spongy texture. When cooked, Shiitake mushrooms room rich and also woodsy v a meaty texture.

Cup, pieces70g2.5oz
MushroomSmall (2 “)8g.3oz
MushroomMedium (3″)14g.5oz
MushroomLarge (4″)20g.7oz
CupWhole Medium70g2.5oz

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What You need to Know about the Mushroom

The mushroom is a fleshy and also edible fruiting human body of a fungus. Most fungi room minute and cannot be checked out by the naked eye, however mushrooms space relatively huge in size and also can it is in found growing on woods or open fields. Since they do not have actually the chlorophyll uncovered in green plants, mushrooms feed on decaying organisms in order come survive.

There space plenty of mushrooms in the world. Some are edible and some room poisonous. However, the word “mushroom” initially referred to the cultivated varieties called Agaricus bisporus i beg your pardon is widely provided in countless cuisines today.

Do you recognize that the mushroom used to have a bad reputation prior to it deserve the popularity it enjoys today? proceed reading this article to read around the interesting background of the mushroom and also its popular uses today.


The mushroom is grown in countless parts of the ancient world. Around 4,600 years ago, the Egyptians taken into consideration the mushroom together a tree of immortality and also only Pharaohs might eat them. Even the Romans believed the mushroom is the food of the gods! The Chinese and also Japanese, ~ above the other hand, offered the mushroom for its medicinal properties for thousands of years. 

Not all varieties of the mushroom space edible. Some space poisonous and also some have the right to even reason death. This is the reason why countless myths surrounded the mushroom and discouraged numerous from cultivating this kind of fungus. The an initial cultivation that edible mushroom in Western cultures was tape-recorded to start just in 1650. The an initial species to be grew was the Agaricus bisporus. 

In 1885, the method for cultivating mushroom was brought to America by the Europeans, and also in 1905, the american perfected a an approach for growing spawns indigenous the mushroom tissue, paving the method for the industrialization of the mushroom. 

Where that is Grown

The mushroom grows in practically all locations in the civilization as long as the is planted in a dark, cool, and also humid environment. It requirements substances favor sawdust or hardwood chips in order to flourish. Top top a worldwide scale production, the largest producers that the mushroom are China, Italy, and also the joined States.



The mushroom is great source that protein, B-vitamins (such together riboflavin, B-6 and also B-12), minerals, and antioxidants (such as selenium, vitamin C, and choline). A cup that whole, raw mushroom contains:

Calories: 21.1Protein: 3 gCarbohydrate: 3.1 gSugar: 1.9 gCalcium: 2.9 mgIron: 0.5 mgMagnesium: 8.6 mgPhosphorus: 82.6 mgPotassium: 305 mgSodium: 4.8 mgZinc: 0.5 mgCopper: 305 mcgSelenium: 8.9 mcgVitamin C: 2 mgVitamin D: 0.2 mgFolate: 16.3 mcgCholine: 16.6 mgNiacin: 3.5 mg


There room many species of the mushroom early out to farming of the fungus in assorted cultures. Listed below are few of these varieties.

Agaricus bisporus (Button Mushroom). The button mushroom is the most cultivated types which came from Europe. It come in white and also brown varieties as with the Portobello and also Crimini. It has a gentle flavor which provides it a great flavor-booster to whatever dish lock are added to.Auricularia cornea (Ear Fungus Mushroom). This is just one of the edible species in ancient China cultivated about 300-200 B.C. Shaped like an ear, the is mixed right into stir fries and also soups.Boletus edulis (Porcini Mushroom). commonly called “porcino”, the Porcini mushroom has a reddish-brown cap sitting top top a white stem. The is offered in risottos and soups.Cantharellus cibarius (Chantarelle Mushroom). well-known for the fan-like shape and also varying colors, the Chantarelle mushroom has actually a fruity smell but earthy taste. It is offered it stews and also soups.Flammulina velutipes (Enoki Mushroom).  The Flammulina velutipes is a small delicate mushroom cultivated on sawdust medium. That is used in soups, noodle dishes, and also salads.Grifola frondosa (Maitake Mushroom). The Maitake mushroom is renowned in China and Japan. The is offered to optimal pizza or to instead of meat in ramen.Hydnum repandum (Hedgehog Mushroom). additionally known together the “sweet tooth”, the hedgehog mushroom is identifiable for its yellow or orange cap. It is sautéed in butter to prepare a delicious snack.Hypomyces lactifluorum (Lobster Mushroom). The lobster mushroom has a bright red color and also it smells and also tastes prefer seafood. The is sautéed in white wine for a very delicious snack.Lentinus edodes (Shitake Mushroom). This types was initially cultured in Asia. That is the many grown types in China and Japan, i beg your pardon is used for medicinal objectives such together immunity booster because that AIDS patients.Pleurotus ostreatus (Oyster Mushroom). Because the 1970s, there had actually been attempts to cultivate new species the the mushroom. The new species grown was the Pleurotus ostreatus which was found farming on dead lumber in Europe and North America. Today, this varieties is an extremely common in U.S. Supermarkets. The tastes subtly woody or seafood-like.Tremella fuciformis (Silver Ear Mushroom). This variety has been used in China as an herb and is thought to extend life expectancy, healing tuberculosis, and also lower blood pressure. Volvariella volvacea (Paddy Straw Mushroom). It is unknown where this species came from but it may have been cultivated in Hawaii as at an early stage as 1822. The is widely offered in numerous Southeast asian cuisines.

Popular Uses

The mushroom is a an extremely useful fungus that is popularly provided for cooking many cuisines such together European, Chinese, and also Japanese. Other uses of the mushroom include:

Medicinal – Some varieties of the mushroom space psychoactive that numerous native cultures approximately the world found useful for medicine purposes. Because that instance, the “magic mushroom” has actually psychedelic properties the it is often used come induce spirituality experiences. Dyeing Wool – The mushroom can also be offered to dye wool and also other fibers. This fungi produces a wide array of lively colors.Filtration Technology. The mushroom is provided in the process called mycoremediation, i beg your pardon is a modern technology that offers fungi to lower bacterial level in contaminated water.

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Fire Starter – part fungi through mushroom-like functions such together polypore can likewise be provided as fire starter.