Indium

element 49 of periodic table is Indium with atomic number 49, atomic load 114.818. Indium, price In, has a centered Tetragonal structure and also Silver color. Indium is a post-transition steel element. Trivial name of Indium is triels, icosagens. Recognize everything around Indium Facts, physics Properties, chemistry Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


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Indium is a chemical element with symbol In and also atomic number 49. It is a post-transition metallic element that is rarely in Earth"s crust. The steel is an extremely soft, malleable and easily fusible, through a melt point higher than sodium, yet lower 보다 lithium or tin.

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Indium Facts

Read key information and facts about element Indium

surname Indium
atomic Number 49
atomic Symbol In
Atomic weight 114.818
step Solid
shade Silver
Classification post-transition metal
group in periodic Table 13
Group Name boron family
duration in regular Table 5
Block in regular Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 4d10 5s2 5p1
Melting point 156.6 °C
Boiling suggest 2072 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 8, 18, 18, 3>
CAS Number CAS7440-74-6

neighborhood
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

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How to situate Indium on periodic Table

Periodic table is i ordered it by atom number, number of protons in the nucleus which is exact same as variety of electrons. The atomic number rises from left come right. Regular table starts at optimal left ( atomic number 1) and ends at bottom best (atomic number 118). Because of this you can straight look for atomic number 49 to discover Indium on routine table.

Another way to read periodic table and also locate an facet is through using team number (column) and period number (row). To situate Indium on periodic table look for cross section of team 13 and duration 5 in the modern-day periodic table.

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Table that Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbit Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and also Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Databases
Compare Indium with other elements

Indium History

The facet Indium was uncovered by Ferdinand Reich in year 1863 in Germany . Indium derived its surname from indigo

Indium Presence: abundance in Nature and also Around Us

The table below shows the variety of Indium in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.

Ppb by load (1ppb =10^-7 %)
abundance in cosmos 3×10-8%
abundance in sunlight 4×10-7%
variety in Meteorites 4.4×10-6%
Abundance in Earth"s late 1.6e-07
diversity in seas 1×10-11%
variety in human beings N/A

Crystal framework of Indium

The solid state framework of Indium is Centered Tetragonal.

The crystal structure can be explained in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats itself in three dimensional room to kind the structure.

Unit cabinet Parameters

The unit cell is represented in regards to its lattice parameters, which room the lengths the the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)

a b c
325.23 325.23 494.61 pm

and the angles between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The positions of the atoms inside the unit cabinet are explained by the collection of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured indigenous a referral lattice point.

The symmetry properties of the decision are explained by the concept of an are groups. All feasible symmetric species of particles in three-dimensional room are described by the 230 room groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are thought about distinct.

an are Group name I4/mmm
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room Group Number 139
Crystal framework Centered Tetragonal

Indium Atomic and also Orbital Properties

Indium atoms have actually 49 electrons and the electronic shell framework is <2, 8, 18, 18, 3> through Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P1/2.


atom Number 49
Number of electrons (with no charge) 49
Number that Protons 49
Mass Number 115
Number that Neutrons 66
Shell framework (Electrons per power level) <2, 8, 18, 18, 3>
Electron construction 4d10 5s2 5p1
Valence Electrons 5s2 5p1
Oxidation State -5;-2;-1 1;2;3
Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P1/2

Shell framework of Indium - electron per power level


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Ground State digital Configuration that Indium - neutral Indium atom

The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Indium atom is 4d10 5s2 5p1. The section of Indium configuration the is tantamount to the noble gas the the coming before period, is abbreviated together . Because that atoms with plenty of electrons, this notation deserve to become prolonged and so an abbreviation notation is used.This is crucial as it is the Valence electrons 4d10 5s2 5p1, electron in the outermost shell that identify the chemical properties of the element.

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Unabbreviated electronic configuration the neutral Indium

Complete soil state electronic configuration because that the Indium atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p1

Atomic framework of Indium

Indium atomic radius is 156 pm, while it"s covalent radius is 144 pm.

atom Radius

156 pm (1.56 Å)

Atomic Volume 15.7069767442 cm3
Covalent Radius 144 afternoon (1.44 Å)
van der Waals Radius 193 pm
spirit Cross section 194 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum that Indium

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Indium chemical Properties: Indium Ionization Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity that Indium is 28.9 kJ/mol

Valence 3
Electronegativity 1.78
ElectronAffinity 28.9 kJ/mol

Ionization energy of Indium

Refer come table below for Ionization energies of Indium

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 558.3
2 1820.7
3 2704
4 5210

Indium physical Properties

Refer to listed below table for Indium physical Properties

thickness 7.31 g/cm3
Molar Volume 15.7069767442 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus 11 GPa
Shear Modulus N/A
mass Modulus N/A
Poisson proportion N/A

Hardness that Indium - tests to measure of Hardness of Element

Mohs Hardness 1.2 MPa
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness 8.83 MPa

Indium electrical Properties

Indium is Conductor of electricity. Refer to table listed below for the electrical properties the Indium

electrical Conductivity 1.2×107 S/m
Resistivity 8×10-8 m Ω
Superconducting suggest 3.41

Indium Heat and also Conduction Properties

thermal Conductivity 82 W/(m K)
Thermal development 0.0000321 K-1

Indium Magnetic Properties

Magnetic kind Diamagnetic
Curie allude N/A
massive Magnetic Susceptibility -1.4×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -1.61×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -1.02e-05

Optical nature of Indium

Refractive index N/A

Acoustic properties of Indium

speed of Sound 1215 m/s

Indium heat Properties - Enthalpies and also thermodynamics

Refer come table below for heat properties of Indium

Melting point 429.75 K (156.6 °C)
Boiling point 2345 K (2072 °C)
an important Temperature N/A
Superconducting point 3.41

Enthalpies of Indium

heat of fusion 3.26 kJ/mol
warm of Vaporization 230 kJ/mol
warmth of burning N/A

Indium isotope - atom Properties that Indium

Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally emerging Indium has 1 steady isotope - 113In.


Isotope Isotope massive % abundance T half Decay setting
97In
98In
99In
100In
101In
102In
103In
104In
105In
106In
107In
108In
109In
110In
111In
112In
113In 4.29% stable N/A
114In
115In 95.71%
116In
117In
118In
119In
120In
121In
122In
123In
124In
125In
126In
127In
128In
129In
130In
131In
132In
133In
134In
135In

Regulatory and also Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7440-74-6
RTECS Number RTECSNL1050000
period Hazard course 4.1
dot Numbers 3089
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating N/A
NFPA dangers N/A
NFPA health Rating N/A
NFPA Reactivity Rating N/A
Autoignition allude N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

perform of distinctive identifiers to find the facet in assorted chemical it is registered databases

Database i would number
CAS Number - chemical Abstracts organization (CAS) CAS7440-74-6
CID Number CID5359967
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSNL1050000

Compare Indium with all Group 13 elements

Indium vs Boron Indium vs Aluminium Indium vs Gallium Indium vs Thallium Indium vs Nihonium

Compare Indium through all post-transition metal elements

Indium vs Aluminium Indium vs Gallium Indium vs believe Indium vs Thallium Indium vs lead Indium vs Bismuth Indium vs Nihonium Indium vs Flerovium Indium vs Moscovium Indium vs Livermorium