compound

Nitrogen is current in virtually all proteins and also plays crucial roles in both biogimpppa.orgical applications and industrial applications. Nitrogen forms solid bonds since of its ability to type a triple bond v its self, and also other elements. Thus, there is a many of energy in the compounds of nitrogen. Before 100 years ago, little was known about nitrogen. Now, nitrogen is frequently used to preserve food, and also as a fertilizer.

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Introduction

Nitrogen is found to have actually either 3 or 5 valence electrons and also lies in ~ the height of team 15 ~ above the periodic table. It have the right to have one of two people 3 or 5 valence electrons since it have the right to bond in the outer 2p and also 2s orbitals. Molecular nitrogen ((N_2)) is no reactive at typical temperature and also pressure and is a colorless and odorless gas.

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Nitrides

Nitrides room compounds that nitrogen v a less electronegative atom; in various other words it"s a compound through atoms that have a less complete valence shell. This compounds kind with lithium and also Group 2 metals. Nitrides usually has an oxidation state of -3.

<3Mg + N_2 ightarrow Mg_3N_2 label1>

When combined with water, nitrogen will kind ammonia and, this nitride ion acts as a very solid base.

When nitrogen creates with other compounds it primarily forms covalent bonds. These are typically done with other metals and also look like: MN, M3N, and M4N. This compounds are typically hard, inert, and also have high melting points because nitrogen"s capacity to type triple covalent bonds.


Ammonium Ions

Nitrogen goes with fixation by reaction v hydrogen gas end a catalyst. This process is used to develop ammonia. As mentioned earlier, this procedure allows united state to use nitrogen together a fertilizer since it breaks under the strong triple bond organized by N2. The famous Haber-Bosch process for synthesis of ammonia looks like this:

Ammonia is a base and is likewise used in typical acid-base reactions.

<2NH_3(aq) + H_2SO_4 ightarrow (NH_4)_2SO_4(aq) label4>

Nitride ions are very solid bases, particularly in aqueous solutions.


Oxides that Nitrogen

Nitrides use a range of different oxidation numbers from +1 come +5 to because that oxide compounds. Practically all the oxides that kind are gasses, and also exist in ~ 25 levels Celsius. Oxides the nitrogen space acidic and easily connect protons.

The oxides beat a big role in living organisms. They have the right to be useful, yet dangerous.

Dinitrogen monoxide (N2O) is a anesthetic used at the dentist together a laughing gas.Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is harmful. It binding to hemoglobin molecule not allowing the molecule to relax oxygen transparent the body. That is exit from cars and is an extremely harmful.Nitrate (NO3-) is a polyatomic ion.The an ext unstable nitrogen oxides allow for room travel.

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Applications the Nitrogen

Nitrogen provides a blanketing because that our setting for the manufacturing of gimpppa.orgicals and also electronic compartments.Nitrogen is used as fertilizer in agriculture to encourage growth. Pressurized gas for oil. Refrigerant (such as freezing food fast)Explosives.Metals treatment/protectant via exposure come nitrogen instead of oxygen

References

Petrucci, Ralph H, william Harwood, and F. Herring. Basic gimpppa.orgistry: principles and modern Applications. 8 hours Ed. New Jersey: Pearson education and learning Inc, 2001.Sadava, David et al. LIFE: The scientific research of Biology. Eighth Edition. Sinauer Associate.Thomas, Jacob. Nitrogen and also its Applications to modern Future. San Diego State college Press: 2007.

Problems

Complete and balance the following equations

N2 + ___H2→ ___NH_

H2N2O2 → ?

2NH3 + CO2 → ?

__Mg + N2 → Mg_N_

N2H5 + H2O → ?

What room the various isotopes of Nitrogen?List the oxiadation states of miscellaneous nitrogen oxides: N2O, NO, N2O3, N2O4, N2O5List the different elements that Nitrogen will certainly react with to do it an easy or acidic....Uses that nitrogen