An aluminum atom has an atomic number of 13 and a mass variety of 27. A) How many protons are there in one atom of aluminum? b) How many neutrons are there in an atom that aluminum? c) How many electrons room there in one atom of aluminum?

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an aluminum atom has actually an atomic variety of 13 and a mass variety of 27. How countless protons space there in one atom that aluminum?

Aluminum is an element. An aluminum atom consists of a positively fee nucleus surrounded by a negatively fee electron cloud. Within the nucleus are positively fee protons and also neutral neutrons. Our an initial question is, how numerous protons room there in one atom the aluminum? as I’ve simply said, those protons are to be found in the nucleus. The concern has given us two properties of one aluminum atom that might help: the atom number and also the massive number.

The atomic variety of an atom is the number of protons in the cell core of that atom. For this aluminum atom and indeed every aluminum atoms, the atom number is equal to 13. Therefore, the number of protons in an atom of aluminum is 13. I’ll simply store away that value due to the fact that it will certainly come in comfortable later.

How numerous neutrons are there in an atom of aluminum?

as with protons, neutrons have the right to be uncovered in the cell core of the atom the aluminum. Come answer this part of the question, we’re going to require the massive number. The mass number is the number of protons and also neutrons in the cell core of the atom. For this specific atom that aluminum, the fixed number is 27. Therefore, in this specific atom the aluminum, the variety of protons and also neutrons is 27. Therefore we have the right to calculate the number of neutrons by acquisition the variety of protons far from the variety of protons and neutrons. Therefore, the variety of neutrons is same to 27 protons and also neutrons minus 13 protons, i beg your pardon we have the right to simplify to 27 minus 13 which provides us 14 neutrons. This is the very same number we would get if us took away the atomic number native the fixed number. Therefore this certain atom the aluminum has actually 14 neutrons.

Now, ~ above the last component of this question.

How many electrons are there in one atom the aluminum?

The electron of an atom the aluminum can be discovered in the an are around the nucleus. In order to answer this question, we require three bits that information. The an initial piece of info is the atoms in this context space neutral overall. Individual proton are claimed to have actually a fee of optimistic one and also electrons are claimed to have actually a fee of an adverse one. Neutrons have actually no charge whatsoever. So we don’t require to incorporate them in this part of the question. The as whole charge for an atom or ion is always the complete charge of the proton plus the complete charge of the electrons.

In this case, we have actually 13 protons. Therefore the charge of the protons is same to 13 multiply by the charge per proton positive one. The complete charge of our electrons is unknown due to the fact that we don’t know the variety of electrons. Yet if us did, the total charge the electrons would be equal to the number of electrons multiply by the charge per electron, an unfavorable one. In this case, we know that the as whole charge is equal to zero. Through a tiny bit that jiggling about, we deserve to see that the number of protons is same to the variety of electrons native neutral particle. Therefore, because that an atom the aluminum, there space 13 electrons inside it.

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for this reason we’ve demonstrated that for one aluminum atom which has actually the atomic variety of 13 and has a mass number of 27, there space 13 protons, 14 neutrons, and also 13 electrons.