Xenon

aspect 54 of routine table is Xenon with atomic number 54, atomic weight 131.293. Xenon, symbol Xe, has a Face centered Cubic structure and also Colorless color. Xenon is a noble gas element. Trivial surname of Xenon is noble gases*, aerogens. Understand everything around Xenon Facts, physics Properties, chemical Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


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Xenon is a chemical element with price Xe and also atomic number 54. That is a colorless, dense, odorless noble gas, the occurs in the Earth"s atmosphere in trace amounts. Although typically unreactive, xenon deserve to undergo a few chemical reaction such together the development of xenon hexafluoroplatinate, the very first noble gas compound to be synthesized.

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Xenon Facts

Read an essential information and also facts around element Xenon

surname Xenon
atom Number 54
atomic Symbol Xe
Atomic weight 131.293
step Gas
shade Colorless
Classification noble gas
group in regular Table 18
Group Name helium household or neon family
period in periodic Table 5
Block in periodic Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 4d10 5s2 5p6
Melting allude -111.8 °C
Boiling allude -108 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 8, 18, 18, 8>
CAS Number CAS7440-63-3

ar
35
Br
36
Kr
53
I
54
Xe
85
At
86
Rn
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

check out our interactive regular table


How to locate Xenon on routine Table

Periodic table is arranged by atom number, variety of protons in the nucleus which is exact same as variety of electrons. The atomic number rises from left to right. Regular table starts at top left ( atomic number 1) and ends at bottom ideal (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number 54 to find Xenon on periodic table.

Another method to read periodic table and also locate an facet is through using group number (column) and period number (row). To find Xenon on periodic table look for cross section of team 18 and period 5 in the modern periodic table.

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Table the Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbital Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Databases
Compare Xenon with various other elements

Xenon History

The aspect Xenon was uncovered by william Ramsay in year 1898 in uk . Xenon acquired its name from the Greek xenos, definition "strange"

Xenon Presence: diversity in Nature and Around Us

The table below shows the variety of Xenon in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.

Ppb by load (1ppb =10^-7 %)
abundance in world 1×10-6%
abundance in sun N/A
abundance in Meteorites N/A
Abundance in Earth"s late 2×10-9%
variety in oceans 5×10-10%
abundance in human beings N/A

Crystal framework of Xenon

The heavy state framework of Xenon is Face centered Cubic.

The crystal structure can be explained in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats chin in 3 dimensional room to form the structure.

Unit cell Parameters

The unit cabinet is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which room the lengths of the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)

a b c
620.23 620.23 620.23 pm

and the angles in between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The location of the atoms inside the unit cell are defined by the set of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured native a reference lattice point.

The symmetry nature of the decision are explained by the concept of space groups. All possible symmetric species of particles in three-dimensional an are are described by the 230 room groups (219 unique types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.

an are Group name Fm_ 3m
*
an are Group Number 225
Crystal framework Face focused Cubic

Xenon Atomic and also Orbital Properties

Xenon atoms have actually 54 electrons and the electronic shell framework is <2, 8, 18, 18, 8> v Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 1S0.


atomic Number 54
Number of electron (with no charge) 54
Number of Protons 54
Mass Number 131
Number of Neutrons 77
Shell framework (Electrons per energy level) <2, 8, 18, 18, 8>
Electron configuration 4d10 5s2 5p6
Valence Electrons 5s2 5p6
Oxidation State 2;4;6;8
Atomic term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 1S0

Shell framework of Xenon - electrons per energy level


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Ground State electronic Configuration that Xenon - neutral Xenon atom

The ground state digital configuration of Neutral Xenon atom is 4d10 5s2 5p6. The section of Xenon configuration that is tantamount to the noble gas the the preceding period, is abbreviated as . For atoms with countless electrons, this notation deserve to become prolonged and therefore an abbreviation notation is used.This is essential as the is the Valence electron 4d10 5s2 5p6, electron in the outermost covering that recognize the chemistry properties of the element.

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Unabbreviated electronic configuration that neutral Xenon

Complete soil state digital configuration because that the Xenon atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6

Atomic framework of Xenon

Xenon atomic radius is 108 pm, while it"s covalent radius is 130 pm.

atom Radius

108 pm (1.08 Å)

Atomic Volume 22.2530508475 cm3
Covalent Radius 130 pm (1.3 Å)
valve der Waals Radius 216 pm
spirit Cross section 25 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum the Xenon

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Xenon chemistry Properties: Xenon Ionization Energies and also electron affinity

The electron affinity that Xenon is 0 kJ/mol

Valence 6
Electronegativity 2.6
ElectronAffinity 0 kJ/mol

Ionization power of Xenon

Refer to table below for Ionization energies that Xenon

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 1170.4
2 2046.4
3 3099.4

Xenon physics Properties

Refer to below table because that Xenon physics Properties

density 5.9 g/l
Molar Volume 22.2530508475 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus N/A
Shear Modulus N/A
bulk Modulus N/A
Poisson proportion N/A

Hardness of Xenon - tests to measure up of Hardness that Element

Mohs Hardness N/A
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness N/A

Xenon electric Properties

Xenon is N/A the electricity. Refer to table listed below for the electrical properties of Xenon

electrical Conductivity N/A
Resistivity N/A
Superconducting allude N/A

Xenon Heat and also Conduction Properties

heat Conductivity 0.00565 W/(m K)
Thermal growth N/A

Xenon Magnetic Properties

Magnetic form Diamagnetic
Curie point N/A
massive Magnetic Susceptibility -4.3×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -5.65×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -2.54×10-8

Optical properties of Xenon

Refractive index 1.000702

Acoustic nature of Xenon

rate of Sound 1090 m/s

Xenon heat Properties - Enthalpies and also thermodynamics

Refer come table listed below for thermal properties of Xenon

Melting suggest 161.3 K (-111.8 °C)
Boiling suggest 165.1 K (-108 °C)
vital Temperature 289.77 K
Superconducting allude N/A

Enthalpies of Xenon

heat of fusion 2.3 kJ/mol
warm of Vaporization 12.64 kJ/mol
warm of combustion N/A

Xenon isotope - atom Properties that Xenon

Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally arising Xenon has 9 secure isotope - 124Xe, 126Xe, 128Xe, 129Xe, 130Xe, 131Xe, 132Xe, 134Xe, 136Xe.


Isotope Isotope massive % variety T fifty percent Decay setting
110Xe
111Xe
112Xe
113Xe
114Xe
115Xe
116Xe
117Xe
118Xe
119Xe
120Xe
121Xe
122Xe
123Xe
124Xe 0.09% steady N/A
125Xe
126Xe 0.09% secure N/A
127Xe
128Xe 1.92% steady N/A
129Xe 26.44% stable N/A
130Xe 4.08% stable N/A
131Xe 21.18% secure N/A
132Xe 26.89% steady N/A
133Xe
134Xe 10.44% stable N/A
135Xe
136Xe 8.87% steady N/A
137Xe
138Xe
139Xe
140Xe
141Xe
142Xe
143Xe
144Xe
145Xe
146Xe
147Xe

Regulatory and Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7440-63-3
RTECS Number RTECSZE1280000
dot Hazard course 2.2
period Numbers 2591
EU Number EU231-172-7
NFPA Fire Rating N/A
NFPA dangers N/A
NFPA health and wellness Rating N/A
NFPA Reactivity Rating N/A
Autoignition suggest N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

perform of distinct identifiers to find the element in miscellaneous chemical registry databases

Database identifier number
CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts business (CAS) CAS7440-63-3
CID Number CID23991
Gmelin Number Gmelin1125
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSZE1280000

Compare Xenon with all Group 18 elements

Xenon vs Helium Xenon vs Neon Xenon vs Argon Xenon vs Krypton Xenon vs Radon Xenon vs Oganesson

Compare Xenon with all noble gas elements

Xenon vs Helium Xenon vs Neon Xenon vs Argon Xenon vs Krypton Xenon vs Radon Xenon vs Oganesson