Key difference: farming is the practice of farming and cultivation, in order to produce food and also food products. Horticulture is the plot of cultivating a garden for fruit or vegetables, and likewise maintaining it.

You are watching: How does horticulture differ from agriculture

Cultivation is important to the survive of human being beings. We have actually depended on growing for food and also livelihood since stone Age. Agriculture is a type of farming that is provided to develop food and also the products linked with it. Farming comprises various tasks in the ambit, such together farming, irrigation, livestock farming, sustainable agriculture, pet husbandry, etc. Significant economies in the people today have agriculture as one of their pillars of financial solidarity. No company or industry deserve to do far without agriculture, because it provisions the basic necessities of raw materials such as cotton, sugarcane, document pulp, vegetables, manure, etc. In numerous countries, farming is still sought as the key occupation by citizens.

Horticulture is a type of agriculture where cultivation is carried out, albeit on a smaller scale than agriculture. Farming involves cultivating ~ above a large scale basis. In fact, as component of agriculture, acre of land are grew simultaneously because that an optimal level that output. Horticulture also is basically cultivation, but not that the same degree as agriculture. Horticulture is much more inclined towards the domestic aspect of cultivation.An task like cultivation plants, vegetables, fruits, etc. In a residential environment is horticulture. Horticulture may additionally entail gardening, cultivation a nursery the plants, cultivation roots and shoots, etc. Since horticulture is practiced on a small scale, the is comparably less expensive than agriculture.

Comparison between agriculture and Horticulture:



Scale the operation

Large scale

Small scale


Usually farming costs much more than horticulture

Horticulture is usually less expensive


Irrigation, livestock farming, rearing, etc.

See more: Calculate The Molar Mass Of H3Po4 ), Attention Required!

Garden cultivation, cultivation fruits and also vegetables domestically, maintenance of together a garden, etc.