The league of countries was an global organization, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, created after the first World war to administer a forum because that resolving international disputes. Though an initial proposed by president Woodrow Wilson as component of his Fourteen Points arrangement for one equitable peace in Europe, the United gimpppa.orgs never became a member.

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Speaking prior to the U.S. Conference on January 8, 1918, chairman Woodrow Wilson enumerated the critical of his Fourteen Points, which dubbed for a “general combination of nations…formed under details covenants because that the objective of affording mutual guarantees of political independence and also territorial integrity to an excellent and small gimpppa.orgs alike.” countless of Wilson’s previous point out would need regulation or enforcement. In calling because that the formation of a "general combination of nations," Wilson voiced the wartime opinions of numerous diplomats and also intellectuals top top both sides of the Atlantic who thought there to be a need for a new type of standing global organization dedicated to cultivating international cooperation, providing security for its members, and ensuring a lasting peace. V Europe’s population exhausted by 4 years of total war, and also with many in the united gimpppa.orgs positive that a new organization would be able to solve the international conflicts that had actually led to battle in 1914, Wilson’s articulation of a league of countries was madness popular. However, it confirmed exceptionally challenging to create, and Wilson left office never ever having convinced the United claims to join it.


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The idea of the league was grounded in the broad, international revulsion versus the unprecedented destruction of the an initial World War and the modern understanding of its origins. This was reflected in every one of Wilson’s Fourteen Points, which were themselves based on theories of collective security and international organization debated amongst academics, jurists, socialists and also utopians before and also during the war. After ~ adopting plenty of of these ideas, Wilson took up the reason with evangelical fervor, whipping increase mass enthusiasm for the company as he traveled to the Paris peace Conference in January 1919, the an initial President to travel abroad in an main capacity.

Wilson supplied his tremendous affect to attach the agreement of the League, the charter, to the treaty of Versailles. An reliable League, that believed, would certainly mitigate any type of inequities in the peace terms. He and also the various other members that the “Big Three,” Georges Clemenceau the France and also David Lloyd George that the united Kingdom, drafted the commitment as component I the the contract of Versailles. The League’s main organs were an Assembly of every members, a Council made up of 5 permanent members and also four rotating members, and an worldwide Court that Justice. Most necessary for Wilson, the organization would insurance the ar integrity and political self-reliance of member gimpppa.orgs, authorize the league to take “any action…to safeguard the peace,” develop procedures for arbitration, and also create the mechanisms because that economic and military sanctions.


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The battle to ratify the contract of Versailles and the commitment in the U.S. Conference helped define the most vital political department over the role of the United gimpppa.orgs in the world for a generation. A triumphant Wilson returned to the United claims in February 1919 to submit the Treaty and Covenant come Congress because that its consent and also ratification. Regrettably for the President, while well-known support for the league was still strong, opposition in ~ Congress and the press had started building even before he had left because that Paris. Spearheading the an obstacle was the Senate majority leader and chairman the the international Relations Committee, Henry Cabot Lodge.

Motivated by Republican pertains to that the organization would commit the United says to an expensive organization that would alleviate the united gimpppa.orgs’ ability to defend its own interests, Lodge led the opposition to joining the League. Whereby Wilson and also the League’s supporters experienced merit in an international body the would work for peace and collective protection for the members, Lodge and also his supporters feared the results of joining in europe’s tangled politics, now even more facility because the the 1919 tranquility settlement. Lock adhered come a vision that the United claims returning come its timeless aversion come commitments external the western Hemisphere. Wilson and also Lodge’s personal dislike that each other poisoned any hopes because that a compromise, and in march 1920, the Treaty and Covenant were defeated by a 49-35 Senate vote. Ripe months later, Warren Harding was elected President on a communication opposing the League.

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The united gimpppa.orgs never ever joined the League. Most chroniclers hold that the league operated lot less properly without U.S. Participation 보다 it would have actually otherwise. However, also while rejecting membership, the Republican Presidents of the period, and their international policy architects, agreed with numerous of the goals. Come the extent that congress allowed, the Harding, Coolidge, and also Hoover administrations associated the United gimpppa.orgs with League initiatives on numerous issues. Constant suspicion in Congress, however, that steady U.S. Collaboration with the league would result in de facto membership prevented a close relationship between Washington and also Geneva. Additionally, cultivation disillusionment v the treaty of Versailles reduced support for the league in the unified gimpppa.orgs and also the worldwide community. Wilson’s insistence the the covenant be connected to the Treaty was a blunder; end time, the Treaty was discredited as unenforceable, short-sighted, or too excessive in that is provisions, and also the League’s fail either to enforce or review it just reinforced U.S. Conference opposition to working with the organization under any type of circumstances. However, the coming of world War II as soon as again prove the require for an efficient international organization to adjust disputes, and also the United claims public and the Roosevelt administration supported and became establishing members of the brand-new United Nations.