Aztec people

In just a century, the Aztec built realm in the area now called main Mexico. The arrival of the Spanish conquistadors lugged it come a suddenly end.

You are watching: How did geography affect the aztecs


Subjects

Anthropology, Archaeology, Sociology, society Studies, old Civilizations, civilization History, Storytelling


Image

Pyramid that the Sun

The Teotihuacan pyramids are some of the biggest of their sort in the Americas. Old Teotihuacanos created the Pyramid the the Sun and also the Pyramid of the Moon in the year 100 C.E., centuries prior to the Aztec had actually arrived in Teotihuacan. These marvels still was standing at an incredible elevation of about 65 meters (213 feet) and also 43 meter (141 feet) respectively. 

Photograph through f9photos


*

The legendary origin of the Aztec human being has them migrating from a homeland referred to as Aztlan to what would become modern-day Mexico. While that is no clear where Aztlan was, a variety of scholars think that the Mexica—as the Aztec described themselves—migrated southern to central Mexico in the 13th century.

The Mexica starting of Tenochtitlan was under direction from your patron god Huitzilopochtli, according to legend. The legend recounts the Huitzilopochtli told them to found their settlement in the place where a gigantic eagle eating a snake was perched top top a cactus. This settlement, in the an ar of Mesoamerica called Anáhuac located on a group of five associated lakes, ended up being Tenochtitlan. Archaeologists date the founding of Tenochtitlan to 1325 C.E.

At first, the Mexica in Tenochtitlan were among a variety of small city-states in the region. They were subject to the Tepanec, whose funding was Azcapotzalco, and had to pay tribute to them. In 1428, the Mexica allied through two various other cities—Texcoco and also Tlacopan. They formed the Aztec Triple Alliance and also were able to victory the fight for local control, collecting tribute from overcame states.

Key to the rise of Tenochtitlan was the agricultural system the made it feasible to feed the population. Chinampas, small, man-made islands created over the waterline, to be one attribute of the system. Recordkeeping was necessary to tracking tributes. Two pictographic messages that made it through Spanish destruction—the Matricula de tributos and also Codex Mendoza—record the tributes payment to the Aztecs. The codices likewise recorded spiritual practices.

A 260-day ritual calendar was provided by Aztec clergymans for divination, together a 365-day solar calendar. At their main temple in Tenochtitlan, Templo Mayor, the Aztecs exercised both bloodletting (offering one’s very own blood) and also human sacrifice as part of their religious practices. The Spanish reaction to Aztec spiritual practices is believed to be partly responsible because that the violence that the Spanish conquest.

The Spanish, led byconquistadorHernando Cortés, come in what is now Mexico in 1519. They were looking for gold, and the presents from the Mexica ruler, Motecuhzoma, verified that gold was present. Upon showing up in Tenochtitlan, Cortés take it Motecuhzoma prisoner and attempted to dominance on his behalf, yet this did no go well, and also Cortés fled the city in June that 1520.

This was no the finish of the interactions, however. The Spanish conquistadors set siege to the Aztec funding from the middle of might of 1521 till they surrendered on respectable 13, 1521. They were aided by Texcoco, a previous Triple Alliance member.

See more: Colorful Leaves Located On The Flower Of A Plant S With Colorful Leaves

A great deal that Tenochtitlan was ruined in the fighting, or to be looted, burned, or ruined after the surrender. Cortés started to build what is now recognized as Mexico City, the resources of a Spanish swarm of which he was named governor, atop the ruins.