The main difference between Equator and Prime Meridian is that Equator is the line circling the planet halfway between the North and South poles while prime Meridian is the line the runs through Greenwich, England.

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Geographers and cartographers map imaginary horizontal and vertical lines across Earth’s surface to locate points on the globe. The currently that run horizontal (east come west) are latitudes when the lines that run vertical space longitudes. The Equator is at 0° latitude if the element Meridian is at 0° longitude. Both space lines that circle the Earth and also divide the planet into hemispheres.

Key locations Covered

1. What is Equator  – Definition, Features2. What is element Meridian – Definition, Features3. What is the Difference between Equator and also Prime Meridian – comparison of crucial Differences

Key Terms

Equator, Equitorial, Greenwich, prime Meridian

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What is Equator

The Equator is the imagine line roughly the middle of the Earth. The term ‘equator’ generally refers to a heat (not a real one) drawn approximately a ball or planet. The Earth’s Equator is halfway between the north Pole and the southern Pole, in ~ 0° latitude. Moreover, the Equator divides the earth into northern hemisphere and also Southern hemisphere.

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As you deserve to see from the above image, planet is widest in ~ its Equator. In fact, the distance approximately the earth at the Equator, i.e., that is circumference, is 40,075km. Moreover, in ~ the Equator, the day and night have actually the same length around the year. Unlike the countries approximately the Northern and Southern hemisphere, countries about the Equator carry out not experience 4 seasons. Equatorial areas (regions near the Equator) frequently have 2 seasons: dried season and wet season. In addition to that, your climate is really humid. Several of the most considerable rainforests in the world are in equatorial regions: the Amazon rainforest, the Congo rainforest of central Africa, the Harpan rainforest, the Daintree Rainforest, etc.

What is prime Meridian

The prime Meridian is the imagine line attracted north to southern at 0° longitude. That is the beginning point for measuring street both west and also east roughly the Earth. Prime Meridian goes through the royal Observatory, Greenwich in London. This is why we sometimes speak to it the Greenwich line. However, the element Meridian additionally passes through England, France, Spain, Algeria, Mali, Burkina Faso, Togo, Ghana and Antarctica.

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It’s important to recognize that prime Meridian is arbitrarily – this means, any type of meridian (line of longitude) have the right to serve together the 0 longitude line. However, the meridian that runs through Greenwich has been chosen as the main prime meridian, through an international agreement.

The element Meridian helps to set the Coordinated universal Time (UTC) and international dateline. Moreover, the divides the planet into the eastern and western hemispheres, similar to the method the Equator divides the earth into the northern and southern hemispheres.

Difference in between Equator and also Prime Meridian

Definition

The Equator is the line circling the planet midway in between the North and South poles while element Meridian is the line the runs with Greenwich, England.

Longitude vs Latitude

Precisely, the Equator is in ~ 0° latitude while prime Meridian is in ~ 0° longitude.

Hemispheres

While the Equator divides the planet into Southern and also Northern hemispheres, prime Meridian divides the earth into Eastern and also Western hemispheres.

Arbitrariness

The Equator is no arbitrary while prime Meridian is arbitrarily (it might be any type of meridian, however is considered to it is in Greenwich meridian by international agreement).

Conclusion

In brief, Equator is the imagine horizontal heat circling the planet midway in between the North and South poles while element Meridian is the imaginary vertical line the runs with Greenwich, England. Moreover, Equator is in ~ 0° latitude while element Meridian and also is at 0° longitude. This is the difference between Equator and also prime meridian.

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Reference:

1. “Equator.” National geographic Society, 9 Oct. 2012, accessible here.2. “Prime Meridian.” National geographic Society, 9 Oct. 2012, easily accessible here.

Image Courtesy:

1. “World map with equator” by User:Cburnett – Image:World-map-2004-cia-factbook-large-2m.jpg (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia2. “Primemeridian” By created by Kmf164 ~ above October 29, 2005 (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia