facet 30 of periodic table is Zinc with atomic number 30, atomic weight 65.409. Zinc, price Zn, has actually a an easy Hexagonal structure and SlateGray color. Zinc is a change metal element. Trivial surname of Zinc is volatile metals. Know everything about Zinc Facts, physics Properties, chemical Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.


Zinc, in commerce additionally spelter, is a chemical element with price Zn and atomic number 30. It is the first element of group 12 of the regular table. In part respects zinc is chemically similar to magnesium:its ion is of comparable size and its only typical oxidation state is +2.

You are watching: Ground state electron configuration of zinc

Zinc Facts

Read key information and also facts around element Zinc

name Zinc
atomic Number 30
atomic Symbol Zn
Atomic load 65.409
step Solid
color SlateGray
Classification transition metal
team in periodic Table 12
Group Name zinc household
period in periodic Table 4
Block in regular Table d-block
Electronic Configuration 3d10 4s2
Melting point 419.53 °C
Boiling allude 907 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 8, 18, 2>
CAS Number CAS7440-66-6

How to find Zinc on routine Table

Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, variety of protons in the nucleus which is very same as variety of electrons. The atom number rises from left come right. Routine table beginning at top left ( atom number 1) and ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Because of this you can straight look for atomic number 30 to uncover Zinc on periodic table.

Another way to read routine table and also locate an facet is by using team number (column) and period number (row). To situate Zinc on periodic table look because that cross ar of group 12 and period 4 in the modern periodic table.

discover Interactive regular Table to Understand and Learn Cool trends

Table of Contents

Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbit Properties
Chemical Properties
Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Compare Zinc with other elements

Zinc History

The facet Zinc was uncovered by India in year 1500 in Germany . Zinc obtained its name from the German native Zink

Zinc Presence: abundance in Nature and Around Us

The table below shows the diversity of Zinc in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.

Ppb by load (1ppb =10^-7 %)
diversity in world 3e-07
abundance in sunlight 2e-06
diversity in Meteorites 0.00018
Abundance in Earth"s tardy 7.8e-05
variety in oceans 5×10-7%
variety in humans 3.3e-05

Crystal structure of Zinc

The solid state framework of Zinc is Simple Hexagonal.

The decision structure can be defined in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats itself in 3 dimensional room to form the structure.

Unit cabinet Parameters

The unit cabinet is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which room the lengths the the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)

a b c
266.49 266.49 494.68 pm

and the angles in between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 2 π/3

The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are explained by the collection of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured indigenous a recommendation lattice point.

The symmetry properties of the crystal are explained by the principle of space groups. All feasible symmetric species of particles in three-dimensional space are defined by the 230 room groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are taken into consideration distinct.

space Group surname P63/mmc
an are Group Number 194
Crystal framework Simple Hexagonal

Zinc Atomic and Orbital Properties

Zinc atoms have actually 30 electrons and the digital shell structure is <2, 8, 18, 2> v Atomic term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 1S0.

atomic Number 30
Number of electrons (with no charge) 30
Number of Protons 30
Mass Number 65
Number of Neutrons 35
Shell framework (Electrons per power level) <2, 8, 18, 2>
Electron construction 3d10 4s2
Valence Electrons 3d10 4s2
Oxidation State -2 1;2
Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 1S0

Shell framework of Zinc - electrons per power level


Ground State electronic Configuration of Zinc - neutral Zinc atom

The floor state electronic configuration that Neutral Zinc atom is 3d10 4s2. The section of Zinc configuration that is indistinguishable to the noble gas that the coming before period, is abbreviated as . For atoms with plenty of electrons, this notation can become an extensive and for this reason an abbreviated notation is used.This is vital as that is the Valence electron 3d10 4s2, electron in the outermost shell that identify the chemistry properties that the element.

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Unabbreviated electronic configuration that neutral Zinc

Complete floor state digital configuration for the Zinc atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2

Atomic framework of Zinc

Zinc atom radius is 142 pm, if it"s covalent radius is 131 pm.

atom Radius

142 pm (1.42 Å)

Atomic Volume 9.16092436975 cm3
Covalent Radius 131 afternoon (1.31 Å)
valve der Waals Radius 139 pm
spirit Cross section 1.1 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum of Zinc


Zinc chemical Properties: Zinc Ionization Energies and also electron affinity

The electron affinity of Zinc is 0 kJ/mol

Valence 2
Electronegativity 1.65
ElectronAffinity 0 kJ/mol

Ionization energy of Zinc

Refer come table below for Ionization energies of Zinc

Ionization energy number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 906.4
2 1733.3
3 3833
4 5731
5 7970
6 1.04×104
7 1.29×104
8 1.68×104
9 1.96×104
10 2.3×104
11 2.64×104
12 29990
13 40490
14 4.38×104
15 4.73×104
16 5.23×104
17 5.59×104
18 5.97×104
19 6.73×104
20 7.12×104
21 1.791×105

Zinc physics Properties

Refer to below table for Zinc physical Properties

thickness 7.14 g/cm3
Molar Volume 9.16092436975 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus 108 GPa
Shear Modulus 43 GPa
mass Modulus 70 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.25

Hardness of Zinc - exam to measure up of Hardness that Element

Mohs Hardness 2.5 MPa
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness 412 MPa

Zinc electric Properties

Zinc is Conductor the electricity. Refer to table below for the electric properties the Zinc

electric Conductivity 1.7×107 S/m
Resistivity 5.9×10-8 m Ω
Superconducting point 0.85

Zinc Heat and Conduction Properties

thermal Conductivity 120 W/(m K)
Thermal expansion 0.0000302 K-1

Zinc Magnetic Properties

Magnetic kind Diamagnetic
Curie allude N/A
massive Magnetic Susceptibility -2.21×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -1.45×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -1.58e-05

Optical properties of Zinc

Refractive index 1.00205

Acoustic nature of Zinc

speed of Sound 3.7×103 m/s

Zinc thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

Refer come table listed below for heat properties the Zinc

Melting point 692.68 K (419.53 °C)
Boiling suggest 1180 K (907 °C)
an essential Temperature N/A
Superconducting allude 0.85

Enthalpies the Zinc

warm of blend 7.35 kJ/mol
heat of Vaporization 119 kJ/mol
warmth of combustion N/A

Zinc isotope - nuclear Properties that Zinc

Isotopes that rhodium. Naturally occurring Zinc has 5 secure isotope - 64Zn, 66Zn, 67Zn, 68Zn, 70Zn.

Isotope Isotope massive % diversity T fifty percent Decay setting
64Zn 48.63% steady N/A
66Zn 27.9% steady N/A
67Zn 4.1% steady N/A
68Zn 18.75% secure N/A
70Zn 0.62% stable N/A

Regulatory and also Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7440-66-6
RTECS Number RTECSZG8600000
dot Hazard class 4.3
period Numbers 1436
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating 0
NFPA hazards Water Reactive
NFPA health and wellness Rating 2
NFPA Reactivity Rating 0
Autoignition allude 460 °C
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

perform of unique identifiers to find the facet in various chemical it is registered databases

Database i would number
CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts organization (CAS) CAS7440-66-6
CID Number CID23994
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSZG8600000

Compare Zinc through all Group 12 elements

Zinc vs Cadmium Zinc vs Mercury Zinc vs Copernicium

Compare Zinc through all transition metal elements

Zinc vs Scandium Zinc vs Titanium Zinc vs Vanadium Zinc vs Chromium Zinc vs Manganese Zinc vs stole Zinc vs Cobalt Zinc vs Nickel Zinc vs Copper Zinc vs Yttrium Zinc vs Zirconium Zinc vs Niobium Zinc vs Molybdenum Zinc vs Technetium Zinc vs Ruthenium Zinc vs Rhodium Zinc vs Palladium Zinc vs silver Zinc vs Cadmium Zinc vs Hafnium Zinc vs Tantalum Zinc vs Tungsten Zinc vs Rhenium Zinc vs Osmium Zinc vs Iridium Zinc vs Platinum Zinc vs gold Zinc vs Mercury Zinc vs Rutherfordium Zinc vs Dubnium Zinc vs Seaborgium Zinc vs Bohrium Zinc vs Hassium Zinc vs Meitnerium Zinc vs Darmstadtium Zinc vs Roentgenium Zinc vs Copernicium