Promoting a pawn is among the key goals of during an endgame. The mere risk of fostering can it is in a significant advantage for the player that is acquainted with this strategy. Below is all you must know around pawn promotion.

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What Is A Pawn Promotion?

Pawn promo occurs once a pawn reaches the the furthest rank from its initial square—the eighth rank for White and an initial rank because that Black. As soon as this happens, the player deserve to replace the pawn for a queen, a rook, a bishop, or a knight. Many of the time, players promote a pawn come a queen, i m sorry is popularly recognized as "queening the pawn." after one player promotes a pawn, the various other player has to move (unless they room checkmated, that course).

Nowadays, players deserve to promote their pawns to any kind of of the pieces discussed above. Castle can also promote without border to the variety of the piece active on the board. Due to the fact that of that, technically, every player can have ripe queens, 10 rooks, 10 bishops, and also 10 knights, although, in reality, the is practically impossible come happen.

A curious example of a video game having an ext than one queen, though, occurred in 2011 between GM David Anton Guijarro and IM Alejandro Franco Alonso. Each player had three monarchs on the plank at one point!

What Is an Underpromotion?

An underpromotion happens as soon as the player promoting a pawn decides to rotate it into any piece various other than a queen. Since the queen is the most powerful piece in, any kind of promotion as well as queening is taken into consideration to be "less powerful" and also thus is recognized as underpromotion.

There room some cases, though, when fostering a pawn to a queen would be a destructive mistake. In most of these cases, together underpromotion takes ar to avoid a stalemate, to deliver checkmate, or to acquire a priceless tempo.

Here is wonderful example of one underpromotion occurring to prevent a stalemate. In this diagram, you have the right to see that cultivating the pawn to a queen (or also a rook) would certainly be an unfortunate blunder, due to the fact that this would certainly surround Black"s king, leaving no legitimate moves and ending the video game in a draw.

In this case, cultivating to a bishop is a much better choice because that white, preventing a stalemate to checkmate the black king later!

This game, played by GM Anatoly Karpov versus GM jan Timman in 1986, illustrates the ide of underpromoting to gain a tempo and avoid a draw. Notification that if Karpov had supported to a piece other than a knight, Timman would have actually the opportunity to produce a perpetual inspect pattern through his queen, forcing a tie.

Notation for The Promotion

The main FIDE means to suggest a pawn promotion is the notation because that the pawn relocate with the enhancement of the piece the pawn was supported to in ~ the end. If a pawn on the a-file promotes to a queen, the official FIDE notation would certainly be a8Q. If a pawn on the f-file captures one more piece top top the e-file and also promotes come a knight, fxe8N.

Note that, in some cases, the promotions have the right to be videotaped a tiny differently. One equal authorize or parentheses—a8=Q or a8(Q), respectively—are likewise used to suggest a promotion. Neither of those styles is officially welcomed by FIDE, though.

See more: Why Are Chicken Legs Called Drumsticks ? Is A Drumstick Part Of A Chicken Wing

Test your Skills

Now the you know everything about pawn promotion, the is time because that you come test her skills!

Let"s shot another promotion!Take a look in ~ this position. What would certainly be the ideal move?

Take a look at this last puzzle. This one is tougher since it requires an ext in-depth calculation. White is a queen down. Is there any kind of move mix you have the right to make to checkmate Black and win the game?


Pawn promotions are huge parts of one endgame, but they can also be provided to develop threats during a middlegame as well! girlfriend can"t focus on just how to promote only your very own pawns, yet you should likewise know just how to protect against that your adversary does so. Room you all set to start practicing your pawn play? Then, head end to our Endgame Drills page and improve your game right now!

Watch the video Lesson

Reading an article is a wonderful way to improve, however watching a video clip lesson can aid you also more! listed below you will discover a video lesson around pawn promotion.