Medically the evaluation by Dena Westphalen, Pharm.D. — written by Julia Haskins — updated on July 2, 2019

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exactly how antacids work

Antacids are over-the-counter (OTC) medications that assist neutralize stomach acid.

They work differently from other acid reducers such as H2 receptor blockers and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). Those drugs work-related by reduce or preventing the cheap of stomach acid.

Antacids deserve to be offered to treat symptoms of overfill stomach acid, such as:


Antacids generally come in the adhering to drug forms:

liquidchewable gummy or tablettablet that you dissolve in water to drink

Popular antacid brand include:


Antacids are commonly safe for most people. However, world with particular medical problems should talk v their doctors prior to taking particular antacids that contain aluminum hydroxide and magnesium carbonate.

For example, world with heart failure may have sodium constraints to aid decrease liquid buildup. However, antacids regularly contain a many sodium. These human being should ask your doctor prior to using antacids.

People through kidney fail may develop a buildup that aluminum after utilizing antacids. This can lead come aluminum toxicity. World with kidney failure also tend to have problems with electrolyte balance. Every antacids contain electrolytes, which could make electrolyte balance troubles worse.

Talk to her child’s doctor before giving your son antacids. Children don’t typically construct symptoms of excess stomach acid, so their symptoms might be associated to one more condition.


Side impacts of antacids

Side results from antacids space rare. However, they have the right to occur, even when you usage them follow to the directions.

Antacids have the right to either reason constipation or have a laxative effect. Some world have had allergic reactions. Antacids might also increase the risk of emerging sensitivities to certain foods.

Side impacts from misuse

Many that the side results of antacids come from no taking them as directed.

Many antacids — including Maalox, Mylanta, Rolaids and also Tums — contain calcium. If you take it too much or take them for longer than directed, you could get an overdose that calcium. Too much calcium can cause:

mental condition changes

Excess calcium can also lead come alkalosis. In this condition, your body doesn’t make sufficient acid to function properly.

If girlfriend feel choose you have to use a most an antacid for relief, that might be a sign of another condition. If did you do it taken an antacid according to the directions and haven’t acquired relief, talk to your doctor.


drug interactions

Antacids have the right to interfere v the duty of various other drugs. If friend take various other medications, check with your medical professional or pharmacist prior to using antacids.

Some antacids, such as Alka-Seltzer, save on computer aspirin. The Food and also Drug administration issued a safety alert about this type of antacid in June 2016. This alert was issued because of reports of serious bleeding regarded aspirin-containing antacids.

If friend take an additional medication that rises your threat of bleeding, such as an anticoagulant or antiplatelet drug, you shouldn’t take these antacids.

Be sure to speak to your doctor prior to taking aspirin-containing antacids if you:

are older than 60 year old
as soon as to speak to a doctor

Antacids can regularly relieve symptom of overfill stomach acid. However, sometimes these symptoms typical you have a much more serious condition.

It’s essential that friend know just how to recognize these conditions and also how come respond come them. An upset stomach might actually be gastroesophageal reflux condition (GERD) or a peptic ulcer.

Antacids deserve to only soothe, not cure, few of the symptom of these conditions. If you have actually severe pain the doesn’t get better after utilizing the encourage dosage of antacids for two weeks, contact your doctor.

Some heart assault symptoms can also mimic stomach pains. You might be having actually a heart strike if you have actually severe chest pain that lasts much longer than 2 minutes with any of the adhering to symptoms:

pain that radiates to your arms, shoulders, or jawvomiting or nausea

If friend think you may be suffering a love attack, speak to 911 or your regional emergency services.

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Takeaway

If you have acid reflux or various other symptoms caused by stomach acidity, obtain to know your OTC medications.

Antacids neutralize the acid that her stomach makes. This can make you more comfortable. ~ above the various other hand, H2 receptor blockers and also PPIs deserve to block your stomach native making too lot acid. This can enable the damages in her stomach and esophagus come heal.

Ask your medical professional which is much better for you.


last medically the review on in march 8, 2019


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Medically reviewed by Dena Westphalen, Pharm.D. — composed by Julia Haskins — updated on July 2, 2019

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