Chameleons are a bizarre and also colorful instance of a heterotroph, an organism that consumes other animals or tree – choose this unfortunately cricket – come sustain itself.

You are watching: An organism that cannot make its own food is called a(an)

Photograph through kuritafsheen


A heterotroph is an organism the eats other plants or pets for energy and nutrients. The hatchet stems indigenous the Greek words hetero because that “other” and trophe because that “nourishment.”

Organisms are characterized into two vast categories based upon just how they attain their energy and also nutrients: autotrophs and also heterotrophs. Autotrophs are recognized as producers since they are able to make their own food from life materials and energy. Examples incorporate plants, algae, and also some types of bacteria. Heterotrophs are recognized as consumers due to the fact that they consume producers or various other consumers. Dogs, birds, fish, and also humans room all examples of heterotrophs.

Heterotrophs accounting the second and 3rd levels in a food chain, a sequence of biology that administer energy and nutrients for various other organisms. Each food chain is composed of three trophic levels, which define an organism’s function in an ecosystem. Occupying the first trophic level are autotrophs, such together plants and also algae. Herbivores—organisms that eat plants—occupy the second level. Carnivores (organisms the eat meat) and omnivores (organisms that eat plants and also meat) occupy the 3rd level. Both major (herbivores) and second (carnivores and omnivores) consumers space heterotrophs, while main producers space autotrophs.

A third form of heterotrophic customer is a detritivore. These organisms achieve food by feeding top top the stays of plants and animals and fecal matter. Detritivores play crucial role in maintaining a healthy ecosystem through recycling waste. Examples of detritivores include fungi, worms, and also insects.

There space two subcategories of heterotrophs: photoheterotrophs and chemoheterotrophs. Photoheterotrophs room organisms that acquire their energy from light, but must tho consume carbon from various other organisms, together they cannot use carbon dioxide indigenous the air. Chemoheterotrophs, by contrast, acquire both their energy and also carbon from various other organisms.

A significant difference in between autotrophs and also heterotrophs is the the previous are may be to make their own food by photosynthesis vice versa, the last cannot. Photosynthesis is a process that entails making glucose (a sugar) and oxygen from water and carbon dioxide using power from sunlight. Autotrophs are able come manufacture power from the sun, however heterotrophs have to rely on various other organisms for energy.

Another major difference between autotrophs and heterotrophs is that autotrophs have critical pigment called chlorophyll, which enables them to capture the energy of sunlight throughout photosynthesis, conversely, heterotrophs do not. Without this pigment, photosynthesis could not occur.

See more: How To Play A Movie On A Dvd Player Without A Play Button, No Remote Control

Heterotrophs advantage from photosynthesis in a range of ways. They count on the procedure for oxygen, i m sorry is produced as a byproduct throughout photosynthesis. Moreover, photosynthesis sustains the autotrophs the heterotrophs depend on to survive. While meat-eating carnivores might not directly depend ~ above photosynthetic plants to survive, they carry out depend on other pets that consume photosynthesis plants together a food source.